Health week 4 - Addiction and Drug Use

What is addiction?
Continued involvement with a substance or activity despite ongoing negative consequences
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What is Physiological dependence?
The adaptive state of brain and body processes that occure with regular addictive behaviour and results in withdrawal if the addictive behaviour stops
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What is tolerance?
Phenomenon in which progressivley large doses of a drug or more intense involvement in a behaviour are needed to produce the desired effect
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What is withdrawal?
A series of temporary physical and psychological symptoms that occur when an addict abruptly abstains from an addictive chemical or behaviour
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What is psychological dependence?
Dependency of the mind on a substance or behaviour, which can lead to psychological withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety, irritability or cravings
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What is compulsion?
Preoccupation with a behaviour and an overwhelming need to perform it
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What is obsession?
Excessive preoccupation with an addictive substance or behaviour
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What is loss of control?
INability to predict reliably whether a particular instance of involvement with an addictive substance or behaviour will be healthy or damaging
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What are negative consequences?
Physical damage, legal trouble, financial ruin, academic failure, family dissolution and other severe problems which do not occur with healthy involvement in any beahviour
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What is denial?
Inability to perceive or accurately interpret the self-destructive effects of an addictive behaviour
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What is habit?
A repeated behaviour in which the repetition may be unconscious
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What is codependence?
A self defeating relationship pattern in which a person helps or encourages addictive behaviour in another
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What is an enabler?
a person wh9o knowingly or unknowingly protects an addict from the consequences of the addicts behaviour
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What is process addiction?
a condition in which a person is dependent on some mood-altering behaviour or process, such as gambling, buying or exercise
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What is disordered gambling?
A set of behaviours including preoccupation with gambling, unsuccessful efforts to cut back or quit, using gambling to escape problems, and lying to family members to conceal the extent of involvement with gambling
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What is an exercise addict?
A person who always works out alone, following the same rigid pattern, exercises daily for more than 2 hours, repeatedly, even when sick or injured, focuses on weight loss or calories burned, exercises to the point of pain skips work and social activ
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What is an internet addict?
Compulsive use of the computer, PDA, cell phone or technology such as email
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What are drugs?
Nonfood, non-nutritional substances that are intended to affect the structure or function of the mind or body through chemical action
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What is drug misuse?
Use of a drug for a purpose of which it was not intended
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What is drug abuse?
Excessive use of a drug
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What is a neurotransmitter?
A chemical that relays messages between nerves cells or form nerve cells to other body cells
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What is a psychoactive drug?
Drugs that affect brain chemistry and have the potential to alter mood or behaviour
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What is oral ingestion?
Intake of drugs through the mouth
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What is Inhalation?
Intake of drugs through the respiratory tract
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What is Injection?
Intake of drugs via a hypodermic needle
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What is transdermal?
Intake of drugs through the skin
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What are suppositories?
Mixture of drugs and a waxy medium designed to melt at body temperature after being inserted into the anus or vagina
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What is polydrug use?
Use of multiple medications, vitamin, recreational drugs or illicit drugs similtaneously
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What is synergism?
Interaction of two or more drugs that produce more profound effects than would be expected if the drugs were take separately
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What is inhibition?
Ad rug interaction in which the effects of one drug are eliminated or reduced by the presence of another drug at the same receptor site
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What is intolerance?
A type of interaction in which two or more drugs produce extremely uncomfortable reactions
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What is antagonism?
A type of interaction in which two or more drugs work at the same receptor site so that one blocks the action of the other
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What is cross-tolerance?
Developement of a tolerance to one drug that reduces the effects of another similar drug
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What are stimulants?
Drugs that increase activity of the central nervous system
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What are amphetamines?
a large and varied group of synthetic agents that stimulate the central nervous system
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What is caffeine?
A stimulant drug
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What is THC Tetrahydrocannabinol?
The chemical name for the active ingrediant in marijuana
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What are depressents?
`Drugs that slow down the activity of the central nervous systems and cause sleepiness and calmness
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What are opioids?
Drugs that induce sleep relieve pain and produce euphoria includes derivities of opium and synthetic with similar chemical properties like narcotics
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What are endrophins?
Opioid lie hormones tat are manufactured in the human body and contribute to natural feelings of well-being
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What is benzodiazepines?
A class of central nervous system depressant drugs with a sedative, hypnotic and muscle relaxant effects also called tranquillisers
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What are barbiturates?
Drugs that depress the central nervous system, have sedative and hypnotic effects and are less safe than benzodiazepines
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What are hallucinogens?
Substances capable of creating auditory or visual distortions and unusual changes in mood, thoughts and feelings
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What is synesthesia?
An effect, which can be created by a drug, in which sensory messages are incorrectly assigned - eg. the user hears a taste or smells a sound
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What are club drugs?
Synthetic analogs that produce similar effects of existing drugs
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What are inhalants?
Chemical vapours that are sniffed or inhaled to produce a high
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What are anabolic steroids?
Artifical forms of the hormone testosterone that promote muscle growth and strength
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What are ergogenic drugs?
Substances believed to enhance athletic performance
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What id detoxification?
The process, which invloves abstinence, of freeing a drug user from an intoxicating or addictive substance in the body of from dependence on such a substance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Physiological dependence?

Back

The adaptive state of brain and body processes that occure with regular addictive behaviour and results in withdrawal if the addictive behaviour stops

Card 3

Front

What is tolerance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is withdrawal?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is psychological dependence?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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