Health and social unit 1 key words

Nature Influences
How tall we grow and our body shape and weight are influenced by the genes from our parents
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Nurture Influences
The effects of the environment we live in.
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The changes in size and mass of the infant
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The new skills and capabilities an infant acquires.
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Grow closer and develop emotional ties.
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The bonding process between an infant or child and its carer. Attachment is achieved through close contact over a period of time.
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seeing things from only your own viewpoint.
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demonstrating behaviour for others to copy.
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Temper tantrums
poor behaviour by children such as screaming, throwing themselves to the ground, and getting really angry designed to try to get their own way
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a period of physical change caused by hormonal changes in the body.
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Abstract thinking
the ability to think about something that might not be there or even exist
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Peer group
the influence of people similar in many ways to the individual concerned for example, of the same age, sex or class.
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Physical maturity
having reached the peak of physical capabilities
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Metabolic rate
the rate which the body burns up calories.
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live together
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Ageing process
the biological change that takes place over time to the human body, affecting its structure and functioning.
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Empty nest syndrome
the feeling of loss and sadness when one or more children leave the family home.
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Mid-life crisis
a dramatic period of self-doubt caused by the passing of youth and the move into later adulthood.
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the natural and permanent stopping of menstruation (periods), occurring usually between the ages of 45 and 55.
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Various brain disorders that have in common a loss of brain function that is usually progressive and eventually severe
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Quality time
time spent relating closely to and focussing on others, which may be more rewarding than a longer people time spent being less engaged
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the transmission of particular quality or trait from parent to offspring through their genes.
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DNA ribbons that control a hereditary characteristic
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a thread-like piece of DNA that contains genes and transmits hereditary information
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having the most influence or control
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Huntington's disease
a hereditary disorder affecting the central nervous system causing abnormal body movements; also know as Huntington's Chorea
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Extended family
a family that includes more than just parents and children: for example, with grandparents, uncles and aunts, and so on.
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a practice or way of acting that is a habit or usual.
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set of principles by which people lead their lives
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Primary socialisation
the influence of carers on values, attitudes and behaviour
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distinctive patterns of human activity and ways of life in a group.
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including a range of ethnic and cultural groups
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sense of emotional, sexual and affectional attraction to others.
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Sexual orientation
a legal ceremony with no religious elements, conducted by a registrar, having the same legal validity as a traditional marriage.
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Civil ceremony
a legal ceremony with no religious elements, conducted by a registrar, having the same legal validity as a traditional marriage.
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Arranged marriage
a marriage arrange by a person other than the person getting married.
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legal arrangements about who is responsible for a child after a divorce.
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the legal ending of a marriage
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Manual work
work that requires the use of physical skills.
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Non-manual work
work that depends primarily on mental skills.
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being rich, and having a plentiful supply of goods and money.
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money earned over a given period of time.
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despite benefits, having insufficient money to afford essentials to live.
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a large densely populated urban area, traditionally one with a cathedral, though city status is now granted by the queen.
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an urban area that is smaller than a city and has a fixed boundary.
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in an area with a population of fewer than 2,500 people.
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A residential area round the edges of major city.
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Self -image
How you see yourself
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Self -concept
A combination of self-image and self-esteem.
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How you value yourself
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a group of people connected through blood relations, marriage and co-residence.
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bring into society, train or guide to be part of a social group.
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When someone dies, the period of loss during which grief takes place
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Peer Group Pressure
the influence of the social group you belong to.
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Intimate relationship
a close relationship
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Sexual relationship
a relationship involving sex
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


The effects of the environment we live in.


Nurture Influences

Card 3


The changes in size and mass of the infant


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


The new skills and capabilities an infant acquires.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Grow closer and develop emotional ties.


Preview of the back of card 5
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