Health and social care unit 1

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  • Created by: S_V
  • Created on: 11-05-18 17:57
Infancy
0-2
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Early Childhood
3-8
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Adolescence
9-18
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Early Adulthood
19-45
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Middle Adulthood
46-65
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Late Adulthood
65+
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Fine Motor Skills
Is the ability to control and co-ordinate the movements of the hands and fingers.
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Self-image
Is the mental picture we have of ourselves
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Self-esteem
Self-esteem is how much you like, accept and respect yourself. how much you value yourself.
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Types of Play
Solitary(0-2), Parallel (2-3), Social (3-8)
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Solitary play
Children play alone using their imagination and do not interact with other children.
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Parallel play
Children play alongside each other, but not together. Toys are not shared cooperatively.
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Social play
Children play together, sharing their toys. By the age of eight they will engage in quite complex games, often requiring the use of imagination.
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Expected life events
Parenthood, marriage, leaving school etc
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Unexpected life events
Unemployment, promotion, ill health etc
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Formal support
Formal support comes from people who are trained and skilled in their work e.g. doctors, nurses, counsellers etc
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Imformal support
Family and friends are able to offer support to others in difficult times, helping with everyday physical tasks such as shopping, housework etc
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Lifestyle choices
The decision you make that can have an impact on your health and wellbeing.
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Example of a lifestyle choices
Diet, exercise, alcohol, smoking and drug use
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Physical features affecting growth and development
Illness, genectics and lifestyle choices
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Name an inherited conditions
Colour blindness, muscular dystrophy, dwarfism, some types of cancers etc
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Psychological development affecting growth and development
Stress, depression, family relationships, friendship, self-concept(school, jobs, self feelings)
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Cultural development affecting growth and development
Religon, sexual orientation, community, enployment
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Economic development affecting growth and development
Income/wealth, enployment, social class, poverty, benifits
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Environmental development affecting growth and development
Noices, housing conditions, rural lifestyle, pollution, environment of school, areas of living
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Social isolation
when people live without regular contact with other people, especially family and friends
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Social development in adolescence
Contentment/happiness, bulids self-esteem feelings of security, impove self-image , increase in confidence, compsnionship.
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Intellectual development in adolescence
develop abstract thinking, empathise (see things from other people's perspective
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Emotional development in adolescence
Hormonal changes, mood swings, develop their own personality and identity
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Phyical development in adolescence
Puberty, sexual maturity, growth spurt.
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Gross motor skills
The ability to control and co-ordinate the movement of large limbs of the body
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Physical development in infancy
Can grasp objects whith whole hands (4 months), can start to crawl (8 months), can start to climb(18 months)
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Intellectual development in infancy
Responding to their own senses, commnicate mainly with sound
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Emotional development in infancy
Bond with those who care for them, show positive and negative emotions, start to smile at faces
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Soical development in infancy
Fear of separation, learn socially through play
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Emotional development in late adulthood
Spend more time with family, feeling of enjoyment, feeling of content and happiness
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Physical development in late adulthood
Skin is thinner, joints are stiffer, muscles are weaker, bones more brittle, less mobile
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Intellectual development in late adulthood
Speed of thinking and short term memory might decline, may take up new interests, some may experience dementia.
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Social development in late adulthood
Tend to have very busy social lives, people beyond 75 tend to socialse less
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Emotional development in middle adulthood
Hormone changes start to take place which can be linked to fellings and emotions, this stage is usually when a mid-life crisis takes place; a dramatic period of self-doubt caused by the passing of youth and the moves into later adulthood.
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Physical development in middle adulthood
The aging process begins to take effect on the body, physical capabilities start to decline, lower energy levels etc
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Social development in middle adulthood
Children may have left the family home and become independant, often now have more time on their hands. start to build new relationships, travel more spend more time with family.
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Intellectual development in middle adulthood
Some return to education, employment to learn new skills
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Intellectual development in early adulthood
Many people who did not focus on learning at school often decide to carry on their education in their twenties or thirties.
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Social development in early adulthood
Usually have a very active social life , have more responsibility.
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Emotional development in early adulthood
Develop intimate relationships, marriage, children.
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Physical development in early adulthood
Phyical peak , usually as their strongest.
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Social development in early childhood
Widen their social group and from friendship with other, they learn how to share and coorperate with other people.
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Intelllectual development in early childhood
Can speak full sentences, development of language and understanding numbers, and are able to think for themsleves
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Emotional development in early childhood
Learn how to handle their feelings and develop their own self-concept
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Physical development in early childhood
Development of gross and fine motor skills.
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Self- Concept
Is a collection of beliefs about oneself that includes elements such as academic performance, gender roles and sexuality, and racial identity.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3-8

Back

Early Childhood

Card 3

Front

9-18

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

19-45

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

46-65

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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