Health and Social Care Revison

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FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE DEVELOPMENT
Teachers/ Religion/ Family/ Vicarious Reinforcement/ Disability/ Low self-esteem/ Education/ Financial Status/ Media/ Traditions/ Genetics/ Peer Pressure/ Relationships/ Freestyle choices
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NATURE
What we inherit from our biological parents i.e. genetics
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NURTURE
Our environment or surroundings which is our upbringing and how we are raised i.e. TV/Media
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LIFE STAGES
Birth and Infancy= 0-2 years Early Childhood= 3-8 years Adolescence= 9-18 years Early Adulthood= 19-45 years Middle Adulthood= 46-65 years Later Adulthood- 65 years
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LIFE COURSE
The path of the human life cycle
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LIFE EXPECTANCY
Is an average number of years a person is expected to live, not a limit as some may live longer than the set average.
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HUMAN GROWTH
Human Beings experience human growth as they increase in physical size or mass
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DEVELOPMENT
It is the changed that might be complex and involve a change in quality of some ability such as language development. It follows an orderly sequence and the acquisition of skills and abilities.
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NORMS/ MILEATONES
A norm is something which is expected. Norms are set of expectations which are expected to be attained at specific times during life stage. Milestones helps us to access a journey that is being completed such as skills development.
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MATURATION
Is used when development is assumed due to genetically programmed sequence of change.
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GENETIC PREDISPOSITION
You inherit a condition from one of your parents however, it does not mean you will develop the condition.
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GENETIC EXAMPLES
Hair/ Eye Colour/ Dimples/ Tongue tricks/ Double Jointed
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ENVIRONMENT EXAMPLES
Language/ Accent/ Weight/ Dyed Hair/ Being Active
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GENETIC DISEASES
Cystic Fibrosis/ Down's Syndrome/ Haemophilia/ Huntington Disease
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POOR HOUSING CONDITIONS
Mould/ Damp homes/ Poor heating/ Overcrowding
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NUCLEAR FAMILY
A Family consisting of two parents and their children but not including aunts, uncles and cousins.
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EXTENDED FAMILY
A family which is extended beyond the nuclear family which includes Grandparents and other relatives.
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LONE PARENT
A family in which there is only one parent
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RECONSTRUCTED FAMILY
It is like a step family where one or both parents have children from previous relationships
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FAMILY DYSFUNCTIONAL
A family that is not providing all of the support and benefits associated with being in a family.
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AUTHORITATIVE PARENTING
This is when parents have high expectations for kids but as well as that, they give their kids the resources and support they need. Kids raised by Authoritative parents are likely to become independent.
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AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING
Are much more strict than Authoritative parents
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PERMISSIVE PARENTING
Do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental figure.
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EGOCENTRISM
When children can't understand someone else's perceptive.
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PREDICTED LIFE EVENTS
University/ Starting a family/ Exams/ Puberty/ New Job
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UNPREDICTABLE LIFE EVENTS
Death/ Promotions/ Redundant/ Proposal in marriage/ Unplanned Pregnancy
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STRESS HORMONES
Breath rate increases/ Heart rate increases/ Blood sugar level increases/ Pupils Dilate/ Intestinal muscles relax
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FACTORS THAT CAN AFFECT SECURE ATTACHMENTS
Seperation/ Disability/ Birth of other children/ Post natal depression/ Premature/ Foster homes- Adoption/ Orphanages
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PHYSICAL CHANGES IN AGEING
Less active/ Menopause/ Wrinkles/ Hair loss/ Low metabolism
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
High cholesterol/ High BP/ Stroke/ Heart Attack/ Angina
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RESPIRATORY DISORDERS
Conditions affecting the upper respiratory system which is the trachea, bronchi, bronchoiles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity.
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BULLYING AFFECTS
Might not eat much/ Self-Harm/ Bad grades/ Not socialising as much/ Suicidal thoughts
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DEPRIVATION
Occurs when a child has never be loved before
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EFFECTS OF DEPRIVATION:
Would have a lower IQ/ Inability to feel guilty or strong emotions for others/ Prevents people from developing normal relationships/ Might be related to crime
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DEGENERATION OF SENSE ORGANS
Eyes/ Ears- hearing loss/ Taste- taste buds decrease/ Skin- elasticity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

NATURE

Back

What we inherit from our biological parents i.e. genetics

Card 3

Front

NURTURE

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

LIFE STAGES

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

LIFE COURSE

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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