Health and Social Care flash cards

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Nature Influences
How tall we grow and our body shape and weight and influenced by the genes from our parents
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Nurture Influences
The effects of the enviroment we live in
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Growth
The changes in mass and size
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Development
The new skills and capabilities an infant acquires
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Bond
Grow closer and develop emotional ties
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Attachment
The bonding process between an infant or child and its carer. Attachment is achieved through close contact over a period of time
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Egocentrism
Seeing things from only your own viewpoint
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Modelling
Demonstrating behaviour of others to copy
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Temper Tantrums
Poor behaviour by childrem such as screaming,throwing themselevs to the ground and getting really angry designed to try to get their own way
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Puberty
a period of physical change caused by hormonal changes in the body
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Abstract Thinking
The abilty to think about something that might not be there or even exist
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Peer Group
The influence of people similar in many ways to the individual concerned for example of the same age, sex or class
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Physical Maturity
Having reached the peak of physical capabilities
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Metabolic Rate
The rate which the body burns up calories
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Cohabit
live together
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Ageing Process
the biological change that takes place over time to the human body affecting its structure and function
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Empty Nest Sydrome
The feeling of loss and sadness when one or more children leavethe family home
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Mid-life Crisis
A dramatic period of self doubt caused by the passing of youth and the move into later adulthood
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Menopause
the natural and permanent sopping of menstruation (Periods) occuring usually between the aes of 45 and 55
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Dementia
Various brain disorders that have in common a loss of brain function that is usually progressive and eventually severe
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Quality Time
Time spent relating closely ro and focussing on others which may be more rewarding than a longer people time spent being less engaged
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Heredity
the transmission of particular quality or trait from parent to offspring through their genes
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Genes
DNA ribbons that control a heredity characteristic
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Chromosome
A thread like piece of DNA that contains genes and transmits heredity information
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Dominant
Having the most influence and control
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Huntington's Disease
A heredity disorder affecting the central nervous system causing abnormal body movements also known as Huntingtons Chorea
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Extended Family
A family that includes more than just parents and children for example with grandparents, uncles and aunts and so on
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Custom
A practise or way of acting that is a habit or usual
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Values
Set of principles by which people lead their lives
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Primary Socialisation
the influence of carers on values, attitudes and behaviour
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Culture
Distinctive patterns of human activity and way of life in a group
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Multicultural
Including a range of ethnic and cultural groups
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Sexuality
Sense of emotional, sexual and affectional attraction to others
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Sexual Orientation
The direction someone's sexuality takes for example towards men or women
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Cival Ceremony
A legal ceremony with no religious elements conducted by a registrar having the same legal validity as a traditional marriage
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Arranged Marriage
A marriage arrange by a person other than the person getting married
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Custody
The legal arrangements about who is responsible for a child after a divorce
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Divorce
The legal ending of a marriage
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Manual Work
Work that requires the use of physical skills
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Non-manual Work
Work that depends primarily on mental skills
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Wealth
Being richand having a plentiful supply of good and money
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Income
Money owned over a given period of time
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Poverty
despite enefits having insufficient money to afford essentials to live
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City
a large densely populated urban area taditionally one with a cathedral through city status is now granted by the queen
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Town
An urban area that is smaller than a city and has a fixed boundary
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Rural
In and area a with a population of fewer than 2,500 people
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Suburb
A residential area round the edges of major city
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Self Image
How you see yourself
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Self Esteem
How you value yourself
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Self Concept
A combination of self image and self esteem
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Family
A group of people connected through bllod relations marriage and co-residence
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Socialise
Bring into society train or guide to be part of a social group
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Bereavement
When someone dies the period of loss during which grief takes place
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Peer Group Pressure
The influence of thw social group you belong to
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Intimate Relationship
A close realtionship
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Sexual Relationship
A realationship involving sex
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Physical Development
Changes in size and mass, fine and gross motor skills, coordination and balance
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Intellectual Development
Learning new skills, abilties and thinking and understanding concepts and how the world works
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Emotional Development
Expressing emotions and feelings, self confidence, esteem and concept
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Social Development
Expected behaviours within family and society, interacting with others, sharing, taking turns and cooperating with others
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Maturation
The sequence of physical changes thst happen in each life stage
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Developmental Norms
Also called milestones expected developments at certain ages
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Percentile Charts
Recording of weight and heright changes in infants
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Moro (Startle)
Baby throws its head back fingers fan outand the baby cries
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Grasping
Baby closes fingers tightly around the object
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Placing
Baby lifts its foot and places it on a hard surface
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Walking
Baby moves its legs forward alternately and walks
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Sucking
Baby sucks
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Rooting
Baby turns to the side of the stimulus for example bottle or breast
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Play
Helps extend social relationships, cooperation, imagination, interests in others and interaction
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Body Language
Communicating using body movements or gestures
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Empathy
Is being able to put yourself in the other persons shoes
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Domicilliary Care
Means care at home
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Cultural Beliefs
Are the general customs or ways of life of a paricular group of people
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Diet
The range of foods that you eat from a number of groups
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Physical Charateristic of the Menopause
Menstruation ceases
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Life Stages
Are the stages you go through in your life and are split into different stages
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Examples of Lifestages
infancy, early childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and later adulthood
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Examples of Social Skills
Being able to make friends and tell a joke
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Examples of Expected life Events
going to school,finding work and getting married
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Examples of Unexpected life Events
illnesses, divorce, redudancy and death of a family member
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Psychological Factor
Stress
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Genetically determined factors include
Blood type and eye colour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Nurture Influences

Back

The effects of the enviroment we live in

Card 3

Front

Growth

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Development

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bond

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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