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What is asthma?
A long term condition that affects your airways
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What are the causes of asthma?
Family history, eczema, premature birth, low birth weight, mother smoked while pregnant, spend time around people that smoke, female adult hormones
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What are the symptoms of asthma?
Wheezing, coughing, tightness in chest, shortness of breath
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What are the 4 types of inhalers used to treat asthma?
Reliever, preventer, long-acting reliever, non-steroidal
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What might asthma sufferers avoid to make their asthma more manageable?
Cows milk, eggs, fish, yeast products, nuts, food colouring, preservatives
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What are three causes of breast cancer?
as you get older chances increase, Relatives who have had it, overweight
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What are three causes of bowel cancer?
over 60, diet high in red or processed meat, obesity
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What are three causes of testicular cancer?
common in young and middle aged men, family history, infertility
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What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
Change in shape of breast, ****** discharge, crusting around ******, pain in breast or armpit, change in ****** appearance
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What are the symptoms of bowel cancer?
Blood in the stools, change in bowel habit. pain in abdomen, unexpected weight loss, extreme tiredness, lump doctor can feel in back passage
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What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
Lump in scrotum or testicles, sudden collection of fluid in scrotum, fatigue, ache in testicles, pain in abdomen, pulling sensation in scrotum or testicles
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What is a mastectomy?
Removing the whole breast
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What is a colectomy?
Removing the whole section of the colon
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What is an orchidectomy?
Removing the affected ********
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What is leukaemia?
Cancer of the white blood cells
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What are the causes of leukaemia?
Exposure to radiation, Smoking, Cancer treatment, Blood disorders, Genetic disorders, Low immunity condition
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What are the symptoms of leukaemia?
Tiredness, Breathlessness, Pale skin, Night sweats, Weight loss, Frequent infection, Swollen lymph nodes, blurred vision, vomiting, seizures
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How can you treat leukaemia?
Chemotherapy, Sterile environment, Antibiotics, Bone marrow and stem cell transplant, Blood transfusion
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What is coronary heart disease?
The coronary arteries become furred up with fatty substances causing the coronary arteries to become narrower, affecting blood supply to the heart (Atherosclerosis)
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What are the causes of CHD?
High cholesterol, High blood pressure, Smoking, Overweight, Not taking regular exercise
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What are the symptoms of CHD?
Angina, arrhythmia, Heart attack, High blood pressure, Sweating, Fluid retention, Light-headedness,
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What are the 2 types of surgery that can be used to treat CHD?
Coronary angioplasty & Coronary artery bypass graft
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What are the causes of a cardiac arrest?
Ventricular fibrillation, CHD, Heart attack, Cardiomyopathy, Congenital heart disease
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What are the symptoms of a cardiac arrest?
Not moving, Not breathing, No response to stimulation such as being spoken to
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What is type 1 diabetes?
When the pancreas doesn't produce any insulin
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What is type 2 diabetes?
When the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or the insulin doesn't work properly
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What are the causes of type 1 diabetes?
Autoimmune condition, Viral infection, Inherited
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What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?
Age, genetics, Overweight, Ethnicity
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What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Urinating more frequently, Thirsty, Tiredness, Unexplained weight loss, Itching around genitals, Cuts that heal slowly, Blurred vision
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What is schizophrenia?
Mental health condition in which the sufferer has a lack of contact with reality
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What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?
Hallucinations, Delusions, Paranoia, Jumbled speech, Catatonic, Flat affect, Social Withdrawal
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What are the causes of schizophrenia?
Genetics, Brain abnormalities, Pregnancy and birth complications, Drug use
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How can schizophrenia be treated?
SSRIs, CBT, Typical and Atypical drugs
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What is anorexia nervosa?
A mental health condition where the sufferer has an intense fear of gaining weight and will actively try to lose weight
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What are the causes of anorexia?
Hormone changes, Sensitive to tryptophan, Family history, Media, Bullying, Abuse, Perfectionism, Poor reaction to stress
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What are the symptoms of anorexia?
BMI of less than 17.5, Amenorrhoea, Downy hairs on limbs, Dry skin, Low self esteem
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What is bulimia nervosa?
A mental health condition where the sufferer will go through stages of binging and purges
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What are the symptoms of bulimia?
Dental problems, Consuming excessive amounts of food, Regular changes in weight, Leaving immediately after eating, Large amounts of money being spent on food
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What is obesity?
Someone who is very overweight with a high degree of body fat
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What are the causes of obesity?
Poor diet, lack of exercise, Drinking too much, Eating large portions, Comfort eating, Thyroid problems
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What are the symptoms of obesity?
Breathlessness, fatigue, inability to cope with sudden physical activity, Sweating, sores, snoring, Sleep apnea
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What is the name of the medication used to treat obesity?
Orlistat
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What is the name of the surgery used to treat obesity?
Bariatric surgery
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What are the causes of chlamydia?
Chlamydia trachomatis, unprotected oral vaginal or rectal sex, sharing unwashed sex toys
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What are the female symptoms of chlamydia?
Abnormal vaginal discharge, Pain during sex, Bleeding during sex, Heavier periods, Pain during urination, Eye or rectal infection
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What are the male symptoms of chlamydia?
Pain when urinating, Pain in testicles, Clear watery or milky discharge, Itchy urethra,
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What are the two antibiotics used to treat chlamydia?
Azithromycin and Doxycycline
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What is the name of the bacteria that causes gonorrhoea?
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
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How can you treat gonorrhoea?
Injection of ceftriaxone in the thigh and then azithromycin
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What is the name of the bacteria that causes herpes?
Herpes simplex virus
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What are the symptoms of herpes?
Blisters on cervix, Flu like symptoms, abnormal vaginal discharge, sores on genitals,
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What can be used to treat herpes?
Acyclovir
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What are the causes of a stroke?
Ischaemic- Clot or piece of fatty material blocks an artery which restricts blood flow. Haemorrhagic- Blood vessel in the brain burst which causes bleeding in the brain
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What are the symptoms of a stroke?
Numbness on one side of the body, Difficulty finding words, Blurred vision, Confusion and dizziness, Sudden , severe headache, face droops
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What can be used to treat a stroke?
Anticoagulant medication, Thrombolysis, ACE inhibitors
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the causes of asthma?

Back

Family history, eczema, premature birth, low birth weight, mother smoked while pregnant, spend time around people that smoke, female adult hormones

Card 3

Front

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the 4 types of inhalers used to treat asthma?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What might asthma sufferers avoid to make their asthma more manageable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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