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what is the definition?
A cardiac arrest is when a person's heart stops pumping blood around their body and they stop breathing normally.
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What's the most common fatal abnormal heart rythm?
ventricular fibrillation (VF)- occurs when the electrical activity of the heart becomes so chaotic it stops pumping and begins to quiver/fibrillate.
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What are the causes?
heart and circulatory disease-> extreme blood and fluid loss-> extreme body temp-> high or low blood potassium-> lack of oxygen-> punctured lung-> blood clot-> poisoning-> blood around the heart.
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What happens?
become unresponsive and lose consciousness-> no other signs of life-> turn grey-> shock the heart back
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What are the symptoms?
sudden collapse-> no pulse-> no breathing-> loss of consciousness-> fatigue, fainting, blackouts.
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What are the risk factors?
family history-> smoking-> high BPR-> high blood cholestrol-> obesity-> diabetes-> alcohol
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What are the medical interventions?
drugs-> anti-arrythmic drugs-> long term= arrythmias-> beta blockers-> ICD= the box
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What is a coronary angioplasty?
opens blocked arteries-> reduces the risk of serious arrythmia-> catheter through the leg to the heart.
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What is coronary bypass surgery?
sewing veins or arteries in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery-> restores blood flow.
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What is radiofrequency catheter ablation?
block a single abnormal electrical pathway-> electrodes heated with radiofrequency energy.
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What is corrective heart surgery?
corrects abnormality of heart rate and blood flow, reduces the risk of fatal arrythmias.
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What is the patient centred care? high risk
If at a high risk? dont smoke or drink-> eat a nutritious, well balanced diet-> stay physically active
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What is the patient centred care?
putting the person and family at the centre of care-> advice on lifestyle modifications-> equal partners-> range of emotions-> respect the patient -> supporting changes.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What's the most common fatal abnormal heart rythm?

Back

ventricular fibrillation (VF)- occurs when the electrical activity of the heart becomes so chaotic it stops pumping and begins to quiver/fibrillate.

Card 3

Front

What are the causes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happens?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the symptoms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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