health and disease flash card :)

  • Created by: liamlyne
  • Created on: 08-09-18 10:49
metabolism
all the chemical reactions going on in cells
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metabolic rate
how quickly all the reactions are going on in cells
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balanced diet
Diet that has the right amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, water and fibre, and gives you enough energy.
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Deficiency disease
Disease caused by not eating enough of a particular nutrient e.g. Scurvy from too little vitamin C
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obese
being very overweight
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statins
medical drugs the reduce the amount of cholesterol made by the body
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Microorganism
Small organisms, seen under a microscope e.g. bacteria and viruses.
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pathogen
A microorganism that can cause an infectious disease.
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Bacteria
Single-celled microorganism, 1-5 μm long. They do not have DNA enclosed inside a nucleus.
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virus
Very infectious pathogen. Can only reproduce inside a host cell.
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toxin
poison
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symtoms
How you feel when you have a disease e.g. headache, nausea.
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painkiller
Drug that stops you feeling pain e.g. paracetamol
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antibiotic
Chemical, usually made by fungi or bacteria, that can be used as medicine to kill other fungi or bacteria.
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Antibiotic resistance
The ability some bacteria develop meaning that an antibiotic will not kill them anymore
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natural selection
The survival of organisms better adapted to their environment.
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Immune system
Your body’s system that fights infections, involving white blood cells and antibodies
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Antibody
Special protein in the body that can bind to a particular antigen and destroy a particular pathogen.
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Antigen
Special protein on the surface of pathogenic cells. Bind matching antibodies during the immune response.
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Immunity
After you have made antibodies to a pathogen, you are able to fight off the pathogen in future without getting ill.
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immunisation
Medical procedure that involves injecting dead or inactive pathogens into a patient to stimulate the body to create antibodies.
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Epidemic
Sudden outbreak of a disease that affects many people within a country.
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Pandemic
Epidemic that sweeps across continents or the whole world.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

how quickly all the reactions are going on in cells

Back

metabolic rate

Card 3

Front

Diet that has the right amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, water and fibre, and gives you enough energy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Disease caused by not eating enough of a particular nutrient e.g. Scurvy from too little vitamin C

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

being very overweight

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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