HEALTH

  • Created by: Ciara_T
  • Created on: 11-04-18 19:29
PRE 1918
depended on health // the poor had workhouse infirmaries, or rely on friendly societies
1 of 15
1911 NATIONAL INSURANCE SCHEME
Lib Gov // compuls health insurance for low paid workers (earn under£160) provided free med and sick pay (employer, employee and gov paid into it)
2 of 15
INTERWAR: CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENTS
growing idea that gov should play a leading role in h.care provision; network of hosps // broad agreement that gov spending for h.care was important
3 of 15
1919 MINISTRY OF HEALTH
after discovering that 40% of men were unfit for combat. // lacked auth and political will to radically reform the h.care sys
4 of 15
INSURANCE COMPANIES
after WWI there was a growth; managed 75% of h.insurance // but widows, wives and children still not covered by 1911 Nat.In.Act
5 of 15
ACCESS TO GPs
patients had to pay for consultation and medicine - uneven spread, mainly in wealthy parts // last resort for the poor, some docs offered lower costs
6 of 15
HOSPITAL TREATMENT
best: teaching hosps - only 12 in LDN, 10 in provinces // Voluntary hosps were smaller and less financed (esp in 30s), were 1,100
7 of 15
EFFECTS OF THE 1929 LOCAL GOV ACT
poor laws turned into local hosps // local gov no responsible for running key healthcare services = more developments e.g. spec teaching schools // but still less than half the pop insured
8 of 15
IMPACT OF WW2
created a consensus on h.care reform; underpinned by the intro of a nat. emergency h.care sys by the Blitz casualities
9 of 15
EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE 1932
first for air raid casualties & dictate provision - later used to treat civilians and evac kids // changed med profs attitudes // BLUEPRINT FOR THE NHS
10 of 15
THE CREATION OF THE NHS
Bevan (Min of Health) // The 1946 Nat Health Service Act: establised a centralised system (vol hosps nationalised and approved socities had to rely on priv clients)
11 of 15
OPPOSITION TO THE NHS
Tories: voted 21x against it "Medical Gestapo" // Local Authorities: didn't want to lose control of their hospitals // BMA (doctors): didn't want their independence undermined (income really); 90% opposed, then in July 90% joined...
12 of 15
1951-79, NEW TECHNIQUES, VACCINATIONS AND MEDICINES
first 10 years: new antibiotics, tuberculosis deaths fell 25k-5k // Mass immunisation 1958 // cottage hosps
13 of 15
RISING COSTS
NHS cost 4.1% to 4.8% GDP, gov forced to charge for specs and dentures '51, and prescriptions in 1952 // 'dandruff syndrome' and staff doubled
14 of 15
ANOTHER ISSUE
better life expectancy = more old age diseases!
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1911 NATIONAL INSURANCE SCHEME

Back

Lib Gov // compuls health insurance for low paid workers (earn under£160) provided free med and sick pay (employer, employee and gov paid into it)

Card 3

Front

INTERWAR: CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENTS

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1919 MINISTRY OF HEALTH

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

INSURANCE COMPANIES

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »