Harold Wilson's First Govt

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Department of Economic Affairs. 1964.
Created under George Brown to draw up a 'national plan' aiming to manage the economy. Too optimistic, abandoned in 1966.
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Created the Ministry of Technology
A 'new Britain' would need to be forged in the 'white heat' of scientific revolution
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Prices and Incomes board. 1966.
Set up to control inflation. Another example of more active management of economy.
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Comment on incomes policy.
Originally voluntary. But by 1966 had to enforce a 6 month wage freeze and legislated against excessive pay rises to try and control inflation.
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Devaluation of the pound.
1967 - pound devalued from $2.80 to $2.40. Due to constant balance of payments crises and IMF loans in 1964-67.
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What caused the constant balance of payments crisis?
Govt deficits, private sector in suprlus while public sector was bloated wasteful and overspending.
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Comment on ecomonic growth between 1964-70
Still lagged behind other world powers like Germany + Japan.
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Abortioan Act 1967
Permitted legal termination of pregnancy. Highly controversial. Moralist - Govt sanctioned murder of innocent. Feminists - major breakthrough in the liberation of women.
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Race Relations Act 1965-68
Prohibited racial discrimination in public places- housing and employment. Incitement to racial hatred an offence. Race relations board - incestigate complaints of racial discrimination. Community relations commision - promote understanding.
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Who was Enoch Powell?
"River Tiber foaming with much blood"
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Sexual Offences Act 1967
Permitted male homosexual acts in private between 'consenting adults'.
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Office of Ombudsman 1967.
Parliamentary officer appointed. Ordinary citizens could appeal to this if they believe they had suffered an abuse of authority from a govt. department.
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Commonwealth Immigration Act 1968
Prohibited new immigrants from settling unless they had family connections established. Built on act by Conser in 1962. Showed both parties knew that limitations on entry were necessary for good race relations.
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Theatres Act 1968.
Ended theatre censorship. Previous system meant plays had to be submitted to Lord Chamberlin for approval.
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Abolition of the Death Penalty 1969.
Ended death sentences. In 1965 punishment of death was suspended for trial period of 4 years, made this permanent. Removed 5 remainging categories of offence which had been punishable by death.
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Divorce Reform Act 1969
Allowed couples to divorce on the grounds of 'irretrievable breakdown' of the relationship.
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Open University 1969
Allowed unqualified students to read for degrees. Had to study independently - Radio and TV shows which BBC broadcast during sleeping hours. Wilson claimed this was his greatest achievement.
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How many children were in comprehensive schools in 1970?
1/3. Gave them a better chance. Ended class segregation.
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How many polytechnic colleges were opened in 1967?
30.
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What was 'in place of stife"?
Proposed Govt legislation in 196 that aimed to curb TU power. Required ballots and a clear majority for strikes. Caused uproar against party principles and it was dropped.
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How many days were lost to strikes in 1964?
2M
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How many days were lost to strikes in 1970?
11M
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How many days were lost to strikes between 1964 - 70
in 1964 2M in 1970 11M
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Housing under Wilson
Pledged to build 500,000 per year. Didn't achieve this. 410,000 built in 1968.
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What was the 2968 Ronan Point disaster?
Partial collapse in new, poorly constructed govt housing led to death of 4 people. Govt criticsed for poor quality, ugly, high density towers.
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Card 2

Front

A 'new Britain' would need to be forged in the 'white heat' of scientific revolution

Back

Created the Ministry of Technology

Card 3

Front

Set up to control inflation. Another example of more active management of economy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Originally voluntary. But by 1966 had to enforce a 6 month wage freeze and legislated against excessive pay rises to try and control inflation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1967 - pound devalued from $2.80 to $2.40. Due to constant balance of payments crises and IMF loans in 1964-67.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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