Harold Macmillan.

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When was the Homicide act and what did it do?
1957, effectively ended the death penalty.
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Describe the economy before Macmillian.
Picked up under Churchil and Eden but growth was sluggish compared to the US and Europe.
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Describe the use of budget cuts with an example.
Budgets were often used politically before elections. E.g. 1959 budget tax cuts despite high inflation.
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Describe stop-go economic policiy.
Economy lurched from growth to recession and low to high inflation constantly.
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How did the economy grow compared to other western powers?
Grow was 2.3% Compared to Germany at 5.1% and France at 4.3%
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In 1964 how much was the UK spending on defence?
10% of spending.
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How did unemployment change?
As low as 297,000 and has high as 878,000 between 51-64. Percent unemployed was always low.
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Comment on R&D
They failed to invest in R&D which hampered the country's long-term growth prospects.
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Comment on unemployment and inflation.
Full employment was prioritised over inflation at times, inflation grew to 5.5% in the early 60s
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Comment on inflation in the early 60s
5.5%
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How much did they have to borrow from the IMF in 1963?
In 1963 they had to borrow over £700 million frm the IMF.
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How much did real wages rise 60-64?
Real wages rose by 4% 60-64
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Comment on credit and consumer goods.
Greater availability of credit gave people access to a much greater array of consumer goods.
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Give the number of cars sold between 1950-65
Sales of private cars nearly quadrupled, 1.5M to 5.5M between 1950 and 65.
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How many homes were built betwen 1951-64?
1.7M built between 1951-64. 60% were private dwellings.
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When was the Rent Act and what did it do?
The rent act was in 1957 and it abolished rent controls and rent hikes. Also increased the supply of rented housing by 6M as people had incentive to put their homes onto the market.
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Comment on immigration between the 40s-60s
Although all 800M people in the common wealth could now settle in Britain net immigration was negative in the 40s, 50s, and 60s.
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Race Riots 1958-59
Violence against black people, led to commonwealth immigrants act of 1962 which put restrictions on entrants according to ethnic origin, aimed to improve race relations.
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Comment on the youth during the late 50s and early 60s.
Growing affluence gave young people more independence. First generation not to live through war, targeted by advertisiers making them feel diffeent and special. Saitre led to to the end of the age of deference.
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Comment on Education under Macmillan.
Disagreement concerning comprehensive schools and those who favoured grammar schools. 11+ was dubious, children given up on at age 11. Lower ability children received inferior education. Bright pupils did well in gram + comp. Comp = no trades.
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End of an empire under Macmillan.
1957-68 Britain gave independence to it's colonies. Too expensive to maintain after WWII, paid out more than it got back in profits.
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Who was De Gaulle?
French President, blocked Britain from joining the EEC. Britain couldn't join and preserve EFTA + commonwealth interests. Wanted France to reassert world power.
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What was the Vassal affair?
In 1963 a civil servant was caught spying for the USSR, talks of cover-up, damaged Govt.
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Who was Kim Philby?
1963 - passed information to USSR. Govt blamed for dailing to find this out.
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What was the Argyll divorce case?
1963. Adultery. 2 Minister's shown in evidence in court (pornographic images). Embarrassed the Govt.
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What was the Profumo affair?
1963 - Minister for war John Profumo alleged to have sexual liaison with Christine Keeler. Prostitute who claims to have a USSR minister as a client. Security breach and risk. Said it was a lie, 3 months later admitted he was lying and resigned.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Picked up under Churchil and Eden but growth was sluggish compared to the US and Europe.

Back

Describe the economy before Macmillian.

Card 3

Front

Budgets were often used politically before elections. E.g. 1959 budget tax cuts despite high inflation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Economy lurched from growth to recession and low to high inflation constantly.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Grow was 2.3% Compared to Germany at 5.1% and France at 4.3%

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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