Harmony and Tonality

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  • Created by: LAB99
  • Created on: 21-04-15 11:44
The key of the music
Tonality
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A happy uplifting sound
Major
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A sad, more serious sound
Minor
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Will have a sense of key/tonal centre.
Tonal
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A piece with no sense of fixed tonality/key that may sound ‘random’.
Atonal
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A five note scale. Often used in Chinese, African and Celtic Folk
Pentatonic
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Ccame before scales. E.g. D-D on the white notes-this is the Dorian mode. Often used in early music, folk and jazz
Modal
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A scale made up of only whole tones, sounds quite mysterious
Whole tone
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Two or more notes of different pitch create.....
Harmony
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Scale made up of semitones
Chromatic
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Uses only the notes that belong to the major or minor keys
Diatonic harmony
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Musc/harmonies that sound nice (consonant)
Consonance
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Clashing music/harmonies (dissonant)
Dissonance
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Where the notes are close together within the separate parts
Close harmony
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A long held note, usually in the bass. Often 2 notes held together, used a lot in Indian music
Drone
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A cadence is formed by the two chords that come at the end of a musical phrase
Cadences
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When a piece in a minor key finishes with a major chord
Tierce de Picardie
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V-I, sounds final and complete.
Perfect cadence
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IV-I, also sounds complete, but not as strong. Used for the “Amen” at the end of hymns.
Plagal cadence
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I -V, unfinished feel to the music.
Imperfect cadence
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V-VI, expect it to go to the tonic as in a perfect cadence, but instead it goes to the VI chord – so is the surprise cadence
Interrupted cadence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Major

Back

A happy uplifting sound

Card 3

Front

Minor

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tonal

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Atonal

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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