Harmony and Melody

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  • Created by: alicem
  • Created on: 28-07-13 10:21
Listen for different sections (label them alphabetically)
- something new (new melody, different instruments, new rythmn patterns etc) - listen for changes (changed tempo, time signature, texture, pitch) - listen for pauses (brief silence before new section starts)
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ALWAYS USE STRUCTURE TO ANSWER EVERY HSC QUESTION
ALWAYS USE STRUCTURE TO ANSWER EVERY HSC QUESTION
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Binery form
2 sections, A and B. No part is repeated
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ternary form
3 sections (A,B and C) return of theme A
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rondo form
many sections (ABACAD etc) return of theme A
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theme and variation
main theme is distinctive melody, changed and adapated in subsequent sections
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through composed
does not repeat any previous material
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strophic
several verses, different words, same basic accompaniment (verse chorus structure)
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coda
the ending of a piece
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Structure (form)
the patterns of recurring themes (or motifs/riffs) which create balance or unity and variety
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there can also be:
imitation AND repetition
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when in exam ask
- melody move by steps or leaps? - type of contour? (smooth/jagged) - range? (wide/narrow) - shape? (a symmetrical/symmetrical) - even/odd phrase lengths? - imitation? - repiption? - ornamentation? - type or melody? (call and response/counter melody/
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dissonant tone
minor/major/chromatic, feeling or tension and unease
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consonant tone
based on minor/major scale, feeling or resolution/stability
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counter melody
a second contrasting melody is played at the same time as the main melody
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canon different to imitation
canon repeated exatcly the same, imitiation is usually slightly altered
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canon
a theme or tune repeated a few bars later by one instrument, then again, then again etc
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'question and answer' melody similar to
'call and response' melody
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dissonance
clashing notes
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modulate
change key at the end
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improvisation
making it up on the spot (sound fluid and free, often ornamented)
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heavily ornamented
if unable to identify types or ornamentation in a piece (last resort)
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mordant
short trill
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turn
a melodic figure that rises and falls by step around the main pitch
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trills
rapid alteration or two neighbouring pitches
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ornamentation
frilly bits
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sequence
fragment or motif repeated at different pitches
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ostinato
repeated pattern of notes
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contour
shape of a melody (ascending or descending)
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interval
distace between 2 pitches
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fragment
a small bit of a phrase (useful when saying "this bit")
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motif (or riff)
part of a melody, repeated, transposed, imitated and shared by instruments
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asymmetrical
uneven amount of bars in a phrase
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Symmetrical
even amount of bars in a phrase
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vocal melissma
trills, ornamentation, etc
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phrases - music sentence
listen for natural pauses new melodic material resolution back to home pitch (tonic) repepition of a melody (could be phrase repeating)
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note structure
- scalic - cord based
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Scales
major minor chromatic - every semi-tone pentatonic - five note scale (chopsticks) blues atonal - all over the place (no tonic) whole tone
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Harmony
when three or more pitches occur at the same time
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Melody
series of pitches that form a tune
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

ALWAYS USE STRUCTURE TO ANSWER EVERY HSC QUESTION

Back

ALWAYS USE STRUCTURE TO ANSWER EVERY HSC QUESTION

Card 3

Front

Binery form

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

ternary form

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

rondo form

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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