Harmful Microorganisms

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What is meant by the term 'pathogenic'
A microorganism that causes disease
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Name one disease caused by bacteria:
Cholera
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Name one disease caused by viruses:
Influenza
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Name one disease caused by fungi:
Athlete's Foot
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Describe two ways in which pathogenic microorganisms can enter the body:
Cut skin, mouth...
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What type of drug can be used to control bacteria?
Antibiotics
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What is the risk involved in regular use of this type of drug?
They could become resistant
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Which scientist is credited with the development of antiseptics?
Lister
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How are antiseptics different from antibiotics?
Antibiotics kill the organism from the inside and the antiseptic damages the outside
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During the incubation period of disease development what is happening to the microorganisms?
They are multiplying rapidly
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What actually causes the symptoms of a disease?
A toxin
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Why is the rapid spread of disease often a feature of natural disasters such as earthquakes?
Sanitation and hygiene levels are particularly low and this means that water may become contaminated with faeces and cause disease such as cholera
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Card 2

Front

Name one disease caused by bacteria:

Back

Cholera

Card 3

Front

Name one disease caused by viruses:

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name one disease caused by fungi:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe two ways in which pathogenic microorganisms can enter the body:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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