Handel - And the Glory of the lord

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When was the piece composed?
1741
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Which Oratorio does it come from, and when was it first performed?
The Messiah, 1742 in Dublin
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What is 'The Messiah" about?
Jesus's birth, life, death and resurrection
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What musical period is it from?
Baroque ( approx 1600-1750 )
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What are some features of the baroque period?
One affection (mood) throughout, Terraced dynamics, Ornamented melodies, accompanied by a Continuo, Homophonic/polyphonic textures
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What is the time signature?
3/4
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What is the tempo?
Allegro (fast) but then Adiago (slower) at the end
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What is a SATB choir?
A choir of Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass
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What instruments does a typical Baroque orchestra include?
Violin family, harpsichord, trumpets, horns and timpani.
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Which instruments make up the continuo?
Organ and Double Bass
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Which instruments make up the string section?
Violins, Violas and cellos
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What type of range do the instruments have?
Small / Modest range
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For which instruments did Handel later add parts?
Oboe and Bassoon
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Which instruments play the same notes as each other ?
Strings often double the voices ( sometimes in different octaves), Double basses double cellos but sound an octave lower
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What is the structure?
Ritornello, Motifs A and B, then contrapuntal section with both, Motifs C and D, contrapuntal section with both,then section with all 4 motifs
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With which motif does the piece end?
Last 3 words of Motif D 'have spoken it'
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Describe Motif A 'and the glory of the lord'
Syllabic, first 3 notes outline a major triad, an ascending scale ending
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Describe Motif B 'Shall be revealed'
Melismatic, 2 bar descending sequence,ornamented
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Describe Motif C 'and all flesh'
Melismatic, 3 statements of descending fourths (seems like a firm statement due to repitition)
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Describe Motif D 'for the mouth of the lord'
Syllabic, long notes, repeated pedal note on A (tonic)
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Describe the melody in general
Uses Scalic and Arpeggio writing, Regular length phrases, Repetition, Contrapuntal melodies, Parts passed around choir
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What is a Hemiola? (a device used throughout the song)
Tied notes that make the time signature seem like 2/4
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How is the joyful mood achieved?
Fast tempo, Major key signature, Driving crotchet and quavers
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What type of cadence does the piece end on?
A homophonic Plagal Cadence
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What is the Key signature?
Begins and ends in A major, But throughout modulates to the dominant (E major) and the dominant of the dominant (B major)
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Which textures are used?
The piece alternates between Homophonic and Polyphonic, with a few monophonic sections (like the first vocal entry)
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Describe the dynamics
Terraced, usually determined by the number of parts playing
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What are the dynamics at the beginning?
Quiet (starts with a soft orchestral intro)
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What are the dynamics at the end?
Ends with a loud plagal cadence
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What is the harmony?
Diatonic and Consonant, A functional harmony with frequent cadences to reinforce the key
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which Oratorio does it come from, and when was it first performed?

Back

The Messiah, 1742 in Dublin

Card 3

Front

What is 'The Messiah" about?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What musical period is it from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are some features of the baroque period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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