Halogens-transport + uses

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 17-05-14 21:06
How is fluorine transported
Too reactive to be transported, make on site
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How is chlorine transported?
By rail because it is a toxic gas, also keep under high pressure/turn into a liquid
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How is bromine transported?
In lead lined tanks because it destroys stratospheric ozone and is volatile
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How to transport iodine?
It's a solid so it's easy to transport
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What are fluorines uses?
Used to make PTFE - non-stick cookware, HCFCs - cooling agents , Atomic bomb
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What are chlorines uses?
Used to make PVC, pesticides, bleach
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What are bromines uses?
medicine, photography paper, flame retardant
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What are iodines uses?
human nutrient - thyroid gland, medicine - antiseptic solution
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Why is the mercury cell to produce chlorine from , phasing out?
released toxic mercury vapor, expensive
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+ and - of the membrane cell?
+ running costs are low (less energy required per tonne of Cl2 produced) - high initial start up costs because of the new cell
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What happens in the mercury cell - brine
(insert)
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What happens with the electrolysis of Cl?
(insert)
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How is bromine formed?
Ions from the dead sea are turned into the element by electrolysis - includes Cl
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is chlorine transported?

Back

By rail because it is a toxic gas, also keep under high pressure/turn into a liquid

Card 3

Front

How is bromine transported?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How to transport iodine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are fluorines uses?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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