Group 1-The Alkali Metals

HideShow resource information
What are Alkali Metals?
Silvery solids
1 of 16
How are they stored and handled?
Stored in oil and handled with forceps (they burn the skin)
2 of 16
What happens as you go down Group 1?
The Alkali metals become more reactive
3 of 16
Why?
because the outer E is more easily lost because it's further from the Nucleus
4 of 16
Important Alkali Metals
Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Caesium
5 of 16
Why are alkali metals V.reactive and have similar properties?
They have one outer E
6 of 16
What bond do Alkali metal form and with what?
Form Ionic Compounds with Non-metals
7 of 16
Why don't Alkali metals form Covalent Bonds?
They don't want to share they want to get rid of their outer E completly
8 of 16
Why do they form Ionic compounds with Non-metals?
They are keen to lose their one outer E to form a 1+ ion.
9 of 16
What do Alkali metals produce when they form ionic bonds with non-metals?
White compounds
10 of 16
When these white compounds dissolve in water what do they form?
Colourless solutions.
11 of 16
When they are put in water how do they react?
Vigorously
12 of 16
What do they do?
Float, move and fizz
13 of 16
What do they produce in water?
Hydrogen
14 of 16
What indicates Hydrogen?
A lighted splint, produces the notorius 'squeaky pop' as the Hydrogen ignites
15 of 16
What do Alkali Metals form in water?
Hydroxides that dissolve in water to give alkaline solutions?
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are they stored and handled?

Back

Stored in oil and handled with forceps (they burn the skin)

Card 3

Front

What happens as you go down Group 1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Important Alkali Metals

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Organic and Green Chemistry resources »