Gross Anatomy of the Brain

Frontal
A lobe associated with reasoning, motor skills, high level cognition and expressive language
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Parietal
A lobe associated with processing sensory information, e.g. pressure and pain. It contains the somatosensory cortex
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Temporal
A lobe associated with interpreting sound and language; it is also associated with memories
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Occipital
A lobe associated with visual stimuli and information
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Corpus callosum
Structure that allows for communication between the two hemispheres of the brain
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Sulcus
A depression or groove in the cerebral cortex. It surrounds a gyrus, creating the characteristic folded appearance of the brain
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Homunculus
A distorted interpretation of the human body, based on a neurological "map" of the areas of the brain dedicated to processing motor or sensory functions for different parts of the body
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Thalamus
Part of the sub-cortical region of the brain. It relays information between different areas to the cerebral cortex. It processes sensory information, regulates states of sleep and wakefulness, and supports the motor and language system
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Hypothalamus
Part of the sub-cortical region of the brain. It links the nervous and endocrine systems via the pituitary gland. It maintains homeostasis by regulating pH balance, temperature, blood pressure and respiration. It secretes neurohormones to pituitary
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Midbrain
Top section of the brainstem. Associated with vision, heating, motor control, sleep and wake cycles, alertness, and temperature regulation
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Pons
Middle section of the brainstem. It contains tracts that carry signals from the cerebrum to the medulla and cerebellum, as well as to the thalamus. Contains nuclei that deal with sleep, respiration, hearing, taste, eye movement, facial expression etc
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Medulla oblongata
Bottom section of the brainstem. It controls the autonomic functions and connects higher levels of the brain to the spinal cord. It regulates: respiration, cardiac function, vasodilation, vomiting, coughing, sneezing, swallowing, etc.
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Cerebellum
Part of the brainstem. It receives information from the sensory systems, the spinal cord and other parts of the brain, and regulates motor movements. It coordinates voluntary movement like posture, balance, coordination, and speech.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A lobe associated with processing sensory information, e.g. pressure and pain. It contains the somatosensory cortex

Back

Parietal

Card 3

Front

A lobe associated with interpreting sound and language; it is also associated with memories

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A lobe associated with visual stimuli and information

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Structure that allows for communication between the two hemispheres of the brain

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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