Greek Mythology

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1. Who was Theseus?

  • Panhellenic hero, King of Athens, famous for killing the Attic Bull and the Minotaur, started a tyranny in Athens
  • King of Athens, son of Zeus, famous for killing the Minotaur, set up a democracy in Athens
  • Mythical King of Athens, son of Poseidon, famous for defeating the Minotaur, heavily linked to democracy
  • Panhellenic hero, son of Zeus, famous for killing the Attic Bull, set up democracy in Athens
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2. What sources are there for the story of Theseus?

  • Sophocles' Helen
  • Euripides' Suppliants
  • Aechylus' Helen
  • Euripides' Helen

3. What is the story of Herakles?

  • Son of Zeus and Amphitryon, whilst in the underworld fulfilling 12 labors, Amphitryon and wife, Megara and sentenced to death in Thebes, saves them but then iris and madness (personified) cause him to kill his wife and children in a frenzy
  • Son of Zeus and Amphitryon, Whilst killing Nemean Lion to fulfilling 12 labors, father and wife, Megara sentenced to die in Thebes, save them but is then sent mad by Iris and madness (personified) and kill his father and wife
  • Son of Zeus, whilst in underoworld fulfilling 12 labors, wife and children condemned to death in Thebes, saves them but then murdered anyway in their sleep
  • Son of Zeus, whilst in underworld fulfilling 12 labors, wife, Megara is sentenced to death in Athens, saves her but then in a frenzy caused by Apollo he kills her

4. What is the story of Tantalus and Pelops?

  • Tantalus cooked his son, pelops, and served him to the gods, Tantalus punished in Mt. Tarttarus and Pelops brought back to life by fates
  • Pelops, son of Poseidon is murdered by Tantalus, his brother
  • Tantalus told by oracle his son, Pelops, would murder him so cast him off, ends up killing him anyway and marrying his mother
  • Tantalus murdered by Pelops for sacrificing sister then faces furies and a trial at Athens

5. What is the story of Persephone and Demeter?

  • Persephone kidnapped by Hades and taken to the underworld, Demeter mourns and crops die, Zeus demands release, Persephone eats pomegranate seed and has to spend 1/3 of the year in the underworld
  • Persephone is married to Menelaus but kidnapped by Theseus and *****,
  • Persephone kidnapped by Hades, forced to marry him and, Demeter mourns and crops die, she sends Herakles to rescue her but she eats a fig which forces her to spend 1/3 of year in the underworld
  • Demeter kidnapped by Hades and *****, Persephone is born and is forced to marry father, Hades

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