Greece and Turkey

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examples of close relationshhips between G&T?
1953 Ankara Pact
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What does Clogg argue was the impact of the Greek War of Lberation?
It 'necessarily presaged a poor climate in relations between the two countries'
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Who argues the GWoL was negative for Greek Turkish relatons?
Clogg
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Who argues about nationalism?
Sofos and Ozkirinli,
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What do Sofos and Ozkirinli argue?
Nationalism has influenced both sides, Turkish nationalism from 'an obsessive fear of annihilation' and with 'different and often competing narratives'
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One historian's perspective on the Aegean?
Heraclides questions whether these are 'hostage to the Cprus problem' or important and self-standing issues
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Which international law has significant influence on Aegean conflicts?
UNCLOS and the continental shelf
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What is the difference in miles of airspace?
12 naturical miles is recognised by UNCLOS, 6 is recognised by Turkey and Greek extension = caucus belli
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One historian's perspective on the strategic importance of Cyprus?
'there cannot be a complete resolution of all of hte disputes between Greece and Turkey without settlement of the Cyprus problem'
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Which ideologies impact the resolution of Cyprus?
enosis and taksim
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One really good quote on the impact of different things on G-T relations?
'A whole complex of factors, of which Cyprus is one, have bedevilled relatons between the two countries'
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Example of Turkish fear of annihilation and who to mention?
Heraclides 'the Turk has no friends but the Turk'
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One historians perspective on the nationalism from both sides?
Both nationalities are formed by a rejection of the toehr sides identity and have defensive nationalism, 70% of both sides saw the other as the likeliest to attack them.
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Which historian argues that the current bad relations are not necessary
Heraclides argues that the current status quo is actually a 'paradox' - role of EU and UN, Lausanne and Paris, few inhabitants/territorial and some previous good relations.
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How do Greek's see the Turks according to one historian?
Heraclides makes the case that 'hatred of the Turks is the essential ingredient in the Greek self-image'
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A particular description for how Turkey feels in the EU debate?
Serves syndrome
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What does Gursay question about the role of the EU?
Whilst it is too often assumed the US brought about both regimes, it is probably true that the US was in the calculation of domestic actors 'in more indirect ways than have been assumed or maintained'
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Who writes about Greek refugees from Turkey
Hirchson 'heirs of the Greek catastrophe' - refugees often blamed politicians not Turks and the younger ones blamed more 'emnity toward the Turks is a product of life in the nation state of Greece'
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Greek minority in Turkey's emigration?
After the Valik vergisi they had 112,000, after the 1955 Cyprus riots and taxation they had 80,000, by 1974 only 8,000 remained
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How does one historian describe memory of the Turkish tax (and what was it)
The 1924-1944 Varlik Vergisi, Clogg, this 'adds to the remembrance of past wrongs, real or imagined, suffered by the Greeks at the hands of the Turks'
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How did Greece persecute their Muslim minority?
W. Thrace, nationalism issue, administrative harassement, e.g. article 19 declaring if they left and were non-greek ethnic they could loose Greek citizenship - 60,000 have lost membership BUT how many are Muslims?
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What has Turkey done in Cyprus?
It encouraged over 40,000 Turkish citizens to settle, gives $1,000 per head in Cyprus and is the only country who recognises the TRNC
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Who did I read (influential author on Cyprus)
James Ker-Lindsay, 'The Cyprus Problem: What everyone needs to know'
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Who did I read on nationalism?
Sofos and Ozkirimli
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What ship did Turkey send for seismic surveys?
The sismik ship (crisis e.g in 1987)
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What does Clogg argue about the future for peace?
The two best times of relations came during a time with an external threat (Russia) which is absent today
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Which historian did I read on nationalism and the aegean islands?
Heraclides: how the aegean problem develops and how nationalism changes this - fear of each other
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Card 2

Front

What does Clogg argue was the impact of the Greek War of Lberation?

Back

It 'necessarily presaged a poor climate in relations between the two countries'

Card 3

Front

Who argues the GWoL was negative for Greek Turkish relatons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who argues about nationalism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do Sofos and Ozkirinli argue?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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