Great War- Political changes during and after the war

What was the act which placed restrictions on the population during the war?
Defence of the Realm Act (DORA)
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When was DORA passed?
August 1914
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What were the powers of the government over the people given by DORA? (10)
Tapping phones, mail interception, ID requirement, arrest for anti-war opinions, phone-calls limited to 3 minutes, pacifists imprisoned, press censorship, requisitioning, controls on food and alcohol, control of munitions industry
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What were the problems with Asquith's leadership? (3)
Didn't fire incompetent generals, didn't attempt to raise support for war, turned to drinking after the death of his son
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What were Lloyd George's successes? (5)
War cabinet met daily for rapid decisions, appointed industrial professionals, created more government controls, boosted morale, popular with public
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What were Lloyd George's failures? (5)
Micro-managed, took on too many roles, slept with cabinet minister's wives, poor administrator, relied on Tory support
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What were the main issues which caused division in the liberal party? (3)
Social reform, Irish home rule, Lloyd George vs Asquith
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What problems did the liberals have to deal with immediately before the war?
Suffragettes, trade union strikes, possible civil war in Ireland
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What was the main outcome of the post-war franchise increase?
Increased support for labour
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Who was included in the franchise by the end of the war? (3)
All men 21+, all women 30+, all veterans aged 19+ who served for at least 3 months
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What did Lloyd George promise at the end of the war?
A 'fit country for heroes to live in'
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What controversial act was passed two weeks before the war?
Third Home Rule Bill
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What groups were on the verge of civil war in Ireland in 1914?
Ulster volunteers, nationalist volunteers
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Why was conscription for Ireland suspended? (2)
British soldiers would have to be committed to Ireland to enforce conscription, conscript army would be reluctant to fight for Britain
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What happened in Dublin in 1916?
Easter Rising
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What did the Easter Rising lead to?
Some Irish killed by British forces, increased support for extremist group sinn fein
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When was Ireland granted independence, and Northern Ireland formed as an independent state?
1921
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How did DORA censor the press? (2)
Intercepted foreign correspondence, could prosecute publishers
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What were the reasons for press censorship in the war? (2)
Prevent enemy from finding out about British war effort, sustain support for the war
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When were war correspondents first allowed on the Western Front?
1916
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What propaganda did the government produce?
Films, pamphlets, posters
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Who was the propaganda aimed at?
Foreign nations e.g. USA
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What German actions meant support for the war was high and reduced the need for propaganda?
Zeppelin raids, Lusitania/merchant ships, Western front atrocities e.g. mustard gas first used 1915
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What was the only party which called for an immediate end to war?
British Socialist Party
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What groups in Britain opposed the war?
Quakers, No-Conscription Fellowship, 'Stop the War' campaign by socialists
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Which nations were the only two to allow conscientious objection?
Britain and USA
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How many conscientious objection claims were accepted?
10%
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What happened to 'absolutists' who refused to support the war effort in any way?
Imprisoned in army prisons
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How many 'absolutist' conscientious objectors died in prison?
10
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How did people show support for the war during the Ludendorff offensive?
Worked during the Easter holidays
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was DORA passed?

Back

August 1914

Card 3

Front

What were the powers of the government over the people given by DORA? (10)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the problems with Asquith's leadership? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were Lloyd George's successes? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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