Great Barrier Reef- Globalisation

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1. Tourism negatively effects one local population particularly- who?

  • The fishing industry- its more economically viable to complete boat trips than fish.
  • The local shopkeepers- they cannot keep up with the amount of business they get.
  • The local indigenous people- they fish and have ceremonial activities on the reef.
  • The residents- the roads are filled with congestion all year round.
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2. What is the Environmental Management Charge and how much is it?

  • AU$500 per month: Each tourist operator pays this to GBRMPA for research and management
  • AU$3.50 per visitor: Each tourist operator pays this to GBRMPA for research and management
  • AU$350 per year: Each tourist operator pays this to GBRMPA for research and management
  • AU$35 per trip: Each tourist operator pays this to GBRMPA for research and management

3. Access increased, and so tourism rapidly increased. How much did it increase by every year in the 80s?

  • 30%
  • 36%
  • 25%
  • 500,000 more visitors

4. What was established in 2003?

  • Tourism observational records. Their data was added to official data collection about coral bleaching.
  • Reef Zoning. Meant areas most sensitive were protected.
  • Fishing quotas. Stopped overfishing and in doing so protected species.
  • GBRMPA

5. What other examples could I use for Sustainable Tourism?

  • All of these
  • Galapagos Islands are 90% national parkland to provide protection to many species that only inhabit on these islands
  • Cuba has been blocked by the USA from trade and tourism. Therefore, areas left generally untouched and beautiful. This blockade has been lifted in 2015. The WWF is worried that areas will be destroyed as people visit for the 'sun and sand' holidays.
  • The High Atlas Mountains, Morocco- Local people built restored a hotel with traditional techniques.

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