Graphics Key Words

Think you know all the key words for your Graphics exam? Why not test yourself!

  • Created by: Hollie
  • Created on: 03-04-13 11:11
Sketching using H or HB pencil, without guides or rulers.
FreehandSketching
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Drawings using rulers that are 3D and show length, height and width. Can also be 2D nets.
PictorialDrawings
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A quick informal image that has enough detail to communicate important features to others.
Sketch
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Brief notes that accompany sketches and drawings.
Annotation
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A boxed framework that helps with drawings 3D sketches.
Grid
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A 30 degree angular grid.
Isometric
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Depth of colour in an image (effected by amount of tone).
Hue
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Dictates the amount of light in the picture, and helps drawings to look realistic.
Tone
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Paper made from 100% wood pulp.
VirginPaper
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Mechanically strong board used in packaging, as it is very good at protecting products.
Cartonboard
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A process used to create simple hollow shapes by 'sucking' air from underneath heated thermoplastic draped over a mould.
VacuumForming
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A process in which hot liquid plastic is injected by force into a mould.
InjectionMoulding
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A process in which plastic is blown into the shape of a mould.
BlowMoulding
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A process to bend straight lines in thermoplastics using a heating *****, which heats plastic and makes it melt in a straight line.
LineBending
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Smart materials that change colour depending on temperature.
Themochromatic
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Smart materials that change colour depending on amount of light hitting surface.
Photochromatic
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Smart materials that change colour depending on amount of electricity applied.
Electrochromatic
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Smart materials that change colour depending on amount of water detected.
Hydrochromatic
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Smart materials that absorb light during the day and glow at night.
Phosphorescent
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Material invented in the last 50 years.
ModernMaterial
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Alternatives to some oil based thermoplastics made form vegetable starch.
CornstarchPolymers
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Combination of cornstarch polymers and paper fibres for inserts for packaging.
Paperfoam
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High strength fibre produced from wood pulp (used for tea bags and coffee filters).
Lyocell
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PCM, made out of 99.9% metals, usually gold or silver, with 0.1% clay. Can be shaped at room temperature.
PreciousMetalClays
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Special plastic used in molding, can be easily moulded.
Polymorph
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Method of changing the atomic structure to make materials better.
NanoTechnology
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Scaled down version of a product.
Model
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Life size working model of a design, used for testing, development and evaluation.
Prototype
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Full size working model of a product for studying, testing and display.
Mock-up
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The main vertical part of lettering.
Stem
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A little extra stroke at the end of vertical and horizontal strokes of letters.
Serif
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Horizontal stroke across the centre of uppercase A and H.
Bar
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The group of people your design is aimed at.
TargetMarket
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A process that helps to protect a printed product that will be handled many times.
Encapsulation
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Pictorial drawing without any horizontal lines that shows the object in 3D.
IsometricDrawings
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Drawing at right angles.
Orthographic
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The point(s) at which all lines in a perspective drawing appear to meet.
VanishingPoint
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The line where vanishing points sit.
Horizon
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A drawing created using one vanishing point.
OnePointPerspective
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A drawing created using two vanishing points
TwoPointPerspective
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Sometimes including recognisable logos, uniform and public relations.
CorporateIdentity
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Give instructions or warnings
Signs
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Explain how to care for or use a product.
Labels
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If this is displayed, it complies with relevant safety standards (looks like a heart with a squiggle through it).
Kitemark
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Is this is displayed, it allows the product to be sold within the European Union.
CEMark
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Used to communicate information, simplified version.
Symbol
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Simplified pictures which relate a message to other people (such as hieroglyphics).
Ideograms
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Similar to ideograms, but more stylised, using more block colour.
Pictograms
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Drawings that cut something in half so you can see the inside.
SectionalDrawings
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Drawings in 3D which pull a product apart and show the different elements, and how it is assembled.
ExplodedDrawings
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A method of alignment that reduces waste to minimum
Tessellation
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Sold as 'flat packs'.
SelfAssembly
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Drawings of products that are too big to be drawn exact, so they are drawn in proportion, but smaller.
ScaleDrawings
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Showing a project site from above.
SitePlans
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Showing a project site from inside.
FloorPlans
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Produced for a specific practical function (usually mechanical or electrical).
SchematicDrawings
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Paper mechanics that cause something to stand up.
PopUps
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Basic mechanisms using card to create movement.
CardMechanisms
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A series of drawings to show the steps in a process of making.
SequentialIllustrations
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Individual pieces of a product.
Components
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The study of how products can be shaped and sized to work well with the human body - must be comfortable, safe, and easy to use.
Ergonomics
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The study of making products that work for as many people as possible.
Anthropometrics
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Drawings using rulers that are 3D and show length, height and width. Can also be 2D nets.

Back

PictorialDrawings

Card 3

Front

A quick informal image that has enough detail to communicate important features to others.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Brief notes that accompany sketches and drawings.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A boxed framework that helps with drawings 3D sketches.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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