Graphics - Society and The Environment

Brand Recognition
1 - Memorable graphics: logos, colour schemes on all printed material 2-Well designed graphics 3-Strong branding: people can recognise the company without the need for words
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Moral Implications
Companies consider whether: using the product might harm people/envrionment, manufacture of the product harms people/environment, recycled/recyclable/biodegradable materials could be used
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Offending People
Designers have to be sensitive to feelings of groups in society. No colours, symbols, styles or images can't offend anyone for political, religious, gender or cultural reasons.
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Packaging Functions - Protection During Transport
Protect the item to stop them getting broken. Cardboard and expanded polystyrene can protect product from knocks.
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Packaging Functions - Storage
Strong enough not to collapse under the weight of other objects. Well designed packaging makes things fit neatly together side by side.
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Packaging Functions - Display
Designed to make it clear what the product is, tries to entice people to buy it, large colours or bright logos make it stand out
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Packaging Functions - Security
Anti theft devices on things like DVDs, cameras, etc. Tamper evident seals show when a product has been opened. Some filled with ink so if they're tried to take them off, the item is ruined
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Packaging Functions - Product Info
Ingredients, best before data, bar code, customer service contact details, storage and usage instructions all on the packaging
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Environmental Impact
Making and packaging products uses up materials and energy and produces waste. Some companies try to use sustainable materials like when products have the FSC logo it means they are from well managed forests
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Reduce
Using materials economically, e.g. tessellating packaging nets, avoid unnecessary packaging, selling chocs in paper bags rather than plastic try and cardboard
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Re-Use
Plastic bags can be re-used many times, but if the product needs to be transported and cleaned before being re-used then it can have a environmental impact
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Recycle
Materials can be used again to make new products. This helps to save resources however environmentally unfriendly by-products can be produced in the process of recycling and can be more expensive than using new materials.
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Refuse
Consumers can refuse to buy a product if they think it has too much packaging
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Repair
Repair items rather than fully replace them
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Re-Think
Consumers can think seriously about whether they need to replace items so often e.g. upgrading phones every year. Designers can re-think designs - use fewer parts, less harmful production process
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Copyright Law
Protects written, drawn and recorded work like books, comics, art, music. It runs out after a certain length of time - for books it's 70 years after the author's death
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Registered Design
Protects a new design's shape and appearance e.g. car body shape. Stops other people from copying the design. Can register a design for 25 years and is protected throughout the EU
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Trademarks
These are the symbols, logos, words or slogans that are used to represent companies - other companies can't have them.
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Patents
Protect a new invention that could have an 'industrial application'. Patents last for 20 years.
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Consumer Protection From Unfair Trading Regulations
Ensure that any claims made about a product must be true
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General Product Safety Regulations
Nobody can put a product on the market unless it's safe
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Sale Of Goods Act
Ensures that products perform as you would reasonably expect and that goods last a reasonable length of time
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Fire Safety Regulations
Cover upholstered furniture, etc to ensure they don't catch fire easily and don't give off toxic fumes when they burn
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COSHH - 1998
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. Protects people from the effects of hazardous materials, substances and processes
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British Standards Institution
BSI. Independently tests products to make sure they meet British, European or International standards.
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CE Mark
If a product has the CE mark then it has met the EU standards for safety
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British Toy and Hobby Association
A toy made by a member of this agrees to stick to safety, marketing and ethical guidelines. The logo is a lion in a triangle.
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International Organisation for Standardisation
ISO. Issues certificates to organisations that meet international standards of quality.
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Health and Safety at Work Act
Ensure employers provide a safe working environment and that they use safety signs to help reduce the risk of accidents
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Wear Appropiate Clothing
Sleeves rolled back, tie and apron strings tucked in, long hair tied back, strong protective gloves and goggles
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Take Care With Tools and Machinery
Safety rule and safety mat with knives. Switch off & isolate machines. Never leave machines unattended when on. Carry tools safely. Ventilate areas properly. Don't use machines unless you've been shown how.
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Handle Materials and Waste Sensibly
Good ventilation for glues with harmful fumes, beware of heating elements and flames, dispose of waste properly, use a brush to clear away sawdust, sand down rough/sharp edges on board or plastic
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Risk Assessment
Evaluation carried out by an employer to identify and minimise any potential risks at work. Has to be done when a new project is being planned.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Companies consider whether: using the product might harm people/envrionment, manufacture of the product harms people/environment, recycled/recyclable/biodegradable materials could be used

Back

Moral Implications

Card 3

Front

Designers have to be sensitive to feelings of groups in society. No colours, symbols, styles or images can't offend anyone for political, religious, gender or cultural reasons.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Protect the item to stop them getting broken. Cardboard and expanded polystyrene can protect product from knocks.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Strong enough not to collapse under the weight of other objects. Well designed packaging makes things fit neatly together side by side.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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