Grammar and Linguistic Terminology

Borrowing
A word or expression taken from another language.
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Contraction
The formation of a word by shortening an existing one.
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Neologism
The creation of a previously non-existent word.
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Euphemism
A mild or indirect word or phrase used in place of a harsh or unpleasant one.
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Blending
The formation of a word by combining specific parts of other words.
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Antonym
Words that are opposite in meaning.
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Homophones
Words that sound the same but have different meanings.
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Phonetics/Phonology
The sound of the language.
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Collocation
Words that commonly or habitually go together.
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Compounding
Two words put together to form a different word.
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Conversion
Changing a word class (e.g verb to noun or noun to verb)
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Acronymisation
Using the initial letters of a group of words to form a new but pronounceable word.
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Polyseme
Words with more than one meaning.
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Poly-syllabic
Words with more than one syllable.
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Prepositional Phrase
A phrase that begin with a preposition.
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Subordinate Clause
Part of a sentence that would not make sense if the preceding/proceeding conjunction was removed.
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Simple Sentence
A sentence that contains one clause.
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Complex Sentence
A sentence that contains both a main clause and a subordinate clause.
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Compound Sentence
A sentence that contains two or more clauses joined by conjunctions.
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Modifiers
Words of phrases that describe a word or make the word more specific (e.g adjectives and adverbs)
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Modal Verbs
Words that express uncertainty or necessity (e.g, should, must, could, can, will, may etc.)
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Interactional Language
Language used in general conversation for socialising.
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Transactional Language
Language used to give or gain information for a direct purpose.
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Hedge
Words of phrases that weaken the impact of the sentence (e.g. maybe, I think, perhaps etc)
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Syntactic Parallelism
Repetition of Similar grammatical structures in one or more sentences.
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Anaphora
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of multiple phrases or sentences.
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Antistrophe
Repetition of a word or phrase at the end of multiple sentences or phrases.
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Noun Phrase
A group of words focused around a head noun.
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Active Voice
A verb phrase that includes a finite present or past tense verb.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The formation of a word by shortening an existing one.

Back

Contraction

Card 3

Front

The creation of a previously non-existent word.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A mild or indirect word or phrase used in place of a harsh or unpleasant one.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The formation of a word by combining specific parts of other words.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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