Grammar

  • Created by: Natalie
  • Created on: 25-11-18 17:36
morphology
the study of word formation
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syntax
the study of how words form larger structures such as phrases, clauses and sentences
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descriptive
taking an approach to language study that focuses on how language is actually used
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prescriptive
taking an approach to language study that focuses on rules and notions of correctness
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root
a morpheme that can stand on it own and can usually form a word in its own rights
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suffix
a morpheme that comes after a root word to modify its meaning
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prefix
a morpheme that goes before a root word to modify its meaning
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affix
the overall term for an addition to a root to modify its meaning or to create a new word
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inflectional function
the way than an affix shows a grammatical category such as a verb tense or a plural noun
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derivational function
the way than an affix helps form a new word by attaching itself to a root
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noun phrase
a group of words built around a noun
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verb phrase
a group of words built around a head(main) verb
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head word
the main noun in the phrase
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pre-modifier
a word that goes before the head noun to add detail or clarify some aspects of it
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qualifier
an additional word or phrase that adds some further detail to the noun
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post-modifier
a word that comes after the head noun to add detail or clarify some aspects of it
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primary auxiliary verb
an auxiliary verb that joins with a main verb to show tense
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modal auxiliary verb
an auxiliary verb that joins with a main verb to show the degree of commitment towards an event or person that a speaker holds
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clause
groups of words centered around a verb phrase
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coordination
the joining of two clauses that gives them equal weighting
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subordination
the joining of two clauses that gives one clause (main) more weighting than another clause or clauses
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adverbial clause
a subordinate clause that functions as an adverbial
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noun class
a subordinate clause that functions as a subject, object or complement
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active voice
agent in subject position for prominence; verb phrase in present or past tense
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passive voice
agent omitted or placed later in the clause using a prepositional phrase; verb phrase changes to a form of to be+ participle form
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orthographic sentence
a 'sentence' marked by a capital letter and full stop but containing no verb
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the study of how words form larger structures such as phrases, clauses and sentences

Back

syntax

Card 3

Front

taking an approach to language study that focuses on how language is actually used

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

taking an approach to language study that focuses on rules and notions of correctness

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a morpheme that can stand on it own and can usually form a word in its own rights

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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