GOVP1 - Participation and Voting Behaviour

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Class
The name given to a social group defined by social and economic status
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Class alignment
This is the concept describing the strong attachment or bond between a class and a particular party
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Class dealignment
A decline in the strong attachment or bond between class and party
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Partisan alignment
This is the concept descriving the strong attacment or bond between an individual and a particular party
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Partisan dealignment
A decline in the strong attachment or bond between an individual and party
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Core Voters
A party's loyal supporters who represent the minimum support a party can expect at an election
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Deviant Voters
A group of coters who do not vote according to their social class, deviating from the norm
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Socialisation
The process by which individuals learn and acquire their values and beliefes. These are usually from family, school, work and their neighbourhood
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Electoral volatility
Significant changes in voting patterns from one election to the next.
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Old Working Class
This group consists of maual workers who belonged to TUs. Employed by industries like coal, steel and shipbuilding. Usually in the north of England, Scotland and Wales
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New Working Class
This group, identified by Ivor Crewe, emerged due to structural changes in the economy. Consists of workers in the private sector in southern England. Better qualifiactions and owning their own homes
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Middle England
A phrase describing the political iddle ground, often seen as being occupied by the lower middle and working classes of England.
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Catch all party
A political party with limited ideological conviction and a board,rather than class-based electoral appeal
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Elecotral centre ground
A political position thought to be occupied by a majority of voters. Falling roughly half war between the extreme left and right.
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Legitimacy
Legal right / authority to exercise power
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Mandate
The right of a governing party to exercise its promises set out in a general election manifesto
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Hapathy
Voters do not vote as a result of happiness with the way they are being goverened
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Differential Turnout
National figures differ widely from regional figures
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Apathy
Indifference towards political institutions and their processes
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Participation Crisis
Levels of political participation undermine a democratic system
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Voting behaviour
The way in which people vote in elections and what influences them
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Homogeneity
Citizens shared a common heritage and identiy of 'togetherness'
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Consensus
UK Citizens accepted the basic 'rules of the game'. Toleration, pragmatism, peaceful negotiation and compromise.
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Deference
People deferred to an elite 'bort to rule'. Natural willingness to accept a rigid social hierarchy
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Traditional Political Culture
The ideas that the UK traditionaly lived by Homogeneirt, conesus and deference. This is no longer the case. The rise of direct action has led away from this culture
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Tactical Voting
An individual chooses to vote for a candidate that is not his or her preferred candidate, in order to prevent the candidate they favour least being elected.
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Protest Voting
This is where voters back a candidate / party other than their normal choice in order to send a message to their 'natural party' that they are not happy. [Often in local elections]
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Swing
The fluctuating fortunes of one party against another.
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Churn
Swings in different areas may cancel out so that the overall headline is the same
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Selective exposure
Individuals choose to be exposed to media that reflects their outlook
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Selective perception
Individuals mentally edit out what they are exposed to
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Selective retention
People tendto forget programme and newspaper content that challengs their views
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This is the concept describing the strong attachment or bond between a class and a particular party

Back

Class alignment

Card 3

Front

A decline in the strong attachment or bond between class and party

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This is the concept descriving the strong attacment or bond between an individual and a particular party

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A decline in the strong attachment or bond between an individual and party

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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