Government of India Acts

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What were the causes of the 1909 Government of India Act?
the reaction to the partition of Bengal, 1906 Liberal government, appease demands for reform and the British fear that Congress would be overtaken by radicals
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1909 Gov. of India Act - how many Indians would serve on the Viceroy's council?
60
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1909 Gov. of India Act - how many could now vote?
4000
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What changed under the 1909 Government of India Act?
provincial councils were enlarged, separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims and the number of elected members on councils rose
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What were the effects of the 1909 Government of India Act?
the precedent of reserving seats was established, extremists became more isolated, councils remained advisory
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1909 Gov. of India Act - how many resolutions made in the central legislatures were passed?
24
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What were the causes of the 1919 Government of India Act?
1917 The Montague Declaration, the rise in nationalism post-WWI
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What changed under the 1919 Government of India Act?
Dyarchy was established, councils enlarged, franchise extended, the Viceroy was to be advised by a council of civilians
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1919 Gov. of India Act - what was dyarchy?
a system that transferred responsibilities such as sanitation and irrigation from central gov. to provincial gov.
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What was the reaction to the 1919 Government of India Act?
radicals were once again disappointed, the HoC right wing felt as if the British hold on India was weakening, Congress rejected the reforms, many considered reserved seats as undemocratic
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What were the causes of the 1935 Government of India Act?
the RTCs, increased pressure from the nationalist movement, world recognition after the Salt March, results found by the Simon Commission
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What changes were made under the 1935 Government of India Act?
Dyarchy abolished, India divided into 11 provinces each with its own legislative assembly and provincial gov. controlling everything but defence and foreign affairs, Viceroy to be advised by an Executive Committee of Indians
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What were the effects of the 1935 Government of India Act?
Congress objected as they now campaigned for purna swaraj, they wanted a strong central gov. not strong weak ones governed by Muslims, the League believed not enough power was given to Muslims
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What were the reactions to the 1935 Government of India Act in the HoC?
Churchill criticised it for giving too much power to Indians, Attlee criticised it for not giving enough
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How many seats did Congress win in the 1937 elections?
716/1585
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How did the Muslim League fair in the 1937 elections?
Badly - they could not find enough candidates for seats
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What government did the 1909 Government of India Act occur under?
Liberal
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What government did the 1919 Government of India Act occur under?
post-war Conservative
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What government did the 1935 Government of India Act occur under?
Conservative but drafted under a Labour dominated coalition
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1909 Gov. of India Act - how many Indians would serve on the Viceroy's council?

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60

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1909 Gov. of India Act - how many could now vote?

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What changed under the 1909 Government of India Act?

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What were the effects of the 1909 Government of India Act?

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