Government and Politics: people and politics

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Define democracy
power vested in people (directly or indirectly through representatives); democratic institutions
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Government of the people
elect officials to make decisions (MPs represent us in Parliament and MEPs in European and poltical parties; no direct say on key issues; individuals + association communicate interest to the legitimate bodies
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Government by the people
people vote on their own behalf that concerns them; referendums are a prime a example
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Government for the people
oppourntunities for thepeople to contribute to decsion making process; seeks to broaden range of opportunities;
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What is the importance of democracy?
establishes and protects human rights; democracy protects and involves minorities; Democracy disperses power; Democracy encourages mass participation (because people have a voice?); pluralism is enouraged;
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List and explain the benefits of democracy
educate and informs the people; stable govt.; encourages equality; safeguards interests rights of people
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Define Direct Democracy
People make important decisions by voting on them (referenda); derives from ancient Athens
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Features:
citizen make decisions themselves that affect them ; representatives (MPs) decide in the outcome; self-governing system; people engage in this process regularly
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What is a referendum?
'Yes' or 'No' vote on a single issue (Scottish referendum 2014); Most common form of direct democracy
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Features:
1. can be called at any time 2. yes or no answer 3. govt. doesn't have to honour results
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Advantages of referendum
1.Direct democracy in action; public has unmediated control over govt. policy 2. educates and informs citizens 3. Constitutional changes 4. people willing to accept and respect outcome 5.purist form of democracy 6.Responsive govt.
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Disadvantages of refrendum
1. ill-informed public make poor decision 2. Low voter turn out leads to unrepresentative results 3.Referedas used to express dissatisfaction with govt. of day 4. Undermines parliamentary sovereignty 5.Parliamentary government
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Why are referendum held?
1.Prevents Issues politicians from making ill-decision 2. People vote on issues that will personally affect them 3. Saves conflict and upholds peace
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Card 2

Front

elect officials to make decisions (MPs represent us in Parliament and MEPs in European and poltical parties; no direct say on key issues; individuals + association communicate interest to the legitimate bodies

Back

Government of the people

Card 3

Front

people vote on their own behalf that concerns them; referendums are a prime a example

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

oppourntunities for thepeople to contribute to decsion making process; seeks to broaden range of opportunities;

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

establishes and protects human rights; democracy protects and involves minorities; Democracy disperses power; Democracy encourages mass participation (because people have a voice?); pluralism is enouraged;

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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