gov and pol- uk politics-democracy-pressure groups and other influences

what are pressure groups?
they seek to influence the goverment to adopt their ideas
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types of pressure group- sectional group/interest group
seek to promote the interests of an occupation or another group in society e.g trade unions
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types of pressure group- cause groups/promotional group
focused on achieving a particular goal or drawing attention to an issue e.g greenpeace
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types of pressure group- social movement
similar to cause groups but more loosely structured- politically radical and seek to achieve single objective e.g camps for climate action
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insider groups
rely on contacts with ministers and civil servants to achieve their aims e.g national union of farmers have close links with relevant goverment departments
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outsider groups
not consulted by the goverment- their objectives and methods may be too far outside the political mainstream for the goverment to enter into diologue with them e.g animal rights protestors who vandalise buildings
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what will influence a pressure groups choice of method?
the resources available and its status as an insider of outsider group
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methods used by insider groups
negotiate quietly behind the scenes, offer views of legislation, lobby MPs
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methods used by outsider groups
resort to less discreet methods e.g petitions, demonstrations, publicity stunts e.eg black lives matter UK obstructed flights
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factors deciding the effectiveness of pressure group activity- resources
a large membership who pay subsciptions means that a group is likely to have the finacial resources needed to pay permanent staff and organise publicity e.g adverts- the size of pressure groups can also be important in persuading goverment
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factors deciding the effectiveness of pressure group activity- tactics and leadership
experienced and capable leadership is vital to sucess- knowing which acccess points in the UK political system to target
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factors deciding the effectiveness of pressure group activity- public support
pressure groups whose agenda is in step with public opinion are usually more succesful than those whose objectives fail to engage it, or whose methods alienate potential sympathisers
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what are think tanks?
groups of experts from different backrounds who are brought together to investigate particular topics and to offer solutions to complicated issues
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what are lobbyists?
members of professional organisations who are paid by clients seeking access to government-gain influence on behalf of clients
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rights of democracy
fair and equal treatment under the law, freedom of expression, freedom to vote, freedom of movement
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major milestones in the development of rights in the UK- Magna Carta/great charter
document drawn up in 1215, regarded as the oldest statement of rights in the UK- presented to King John by nobles to limit royal power
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major milestones in the development of rights in the UK- human rights acts 1998
passed by new labour goverment, included the right to life, and right to trial
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major milestones in the development of rights in the UK- the equality act 2010
brought together earlier pieces of legislation that had sought to outlaw discrimination and unfair treatment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

seek to promote the interests of an occupation or another group in society e.g trade unions

Back

types of pressure group- sectional group/interest group

Card 3

Front

focused on achieving a particular goal or drawing attention to an issue e.g greenpeace

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

similar to cause groups but more loosely structured- politically radical and seek to achieve single objective e.g camps for climate action

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

rely on contacts with ministers and civil servants to achieve their aims e.g national union of farmers have close links with relevant goverment departments

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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