Gould - Individual Differences

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  • Created by: Priyaaa
  • Created on: 11-07-16 20:03
What was Gould's Aim?
The aim of this article was to expose the fundamental problems involved in the attempts to measure intelligence.
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Why was it conducted during WW1?
During the First World War (1914-18) Yerkes found an opportunity to promote the use and status of mental testing and therefore the status of psychology as a serious science. The American military gave Colonel Yerkes (as he liked to call himself) pe
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Describe the sample
1.75 million army recruits
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Name the 3 intelligence tests done
Army Alpha, Army Beta and Individual Examination
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Describe the Army Alpha test
A written test for literate recruits. The Alpha test had eight parts, such as analogies, filling in the missing number, and unscrambling a sentence. These types of tests have now become common in modern IQ tests.
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Describe the Army Beta test
A pictorial test for men who were illiterate or who failed the alpha. The Beta test had seven parts including running a maze, number work and the picture completion task. The Alpha and Beta tests could be administered to large groups and took less t
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Describe the Individual Examination
An individual spoken test for men who failed the Beta
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What does native intellectual ability mean?
Yerkes argued that his tests measured ‘native intellectual ability’, in other words, innate intelligence which was unaffected by culture and educational opportunities.
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Name and describe the 3 facts that were discovered from the intelligence testing
The average mental age of White American adults was 13. The score of 13 was at the top of the category of ‘moronity’. That is why the title of the article is ‘A Nation of Morons’, because the ‘data’ showed that the USA was just that, it was 16 before
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Name and describe the 3 facts that were discovered from the intelligence testing
It was possible to grade European immigrants by their country of origin.
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Name and describe the 3 facts that were discovered from the intelligence testing
The average score of Black men was 10.4, which was considerably below the White average.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was it conducted during WW1?

Back

During the First World War (1914-18) Yerkes found an opportunity to promote the use and status of mental testing and therefore the status of psychology as a serious science. The American military gave Colonel Yerkes (as he liked to call himself) pe

Card 3

Front

Describe the sample

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the 3 intelligence tests done

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the Army Alpha test

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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