goeg unit 3 st change

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Development of brownfield sites - many industrial buildings being abandoned. These derelict buildings can be converted into new use e.g-housing known as renewal, or they are knocked down and new ones built known as redevelopment
Brownfield site in Norwich 17 hectares been redeveloped into an entertainment complex, large shopping centre + more than 200 residential units.
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Development on greenfield sites - due to demand of housing, greenfield sites built on, on the edges of urban areas-known as urban sprawl.
Example of peacock farm estate includes 14,000 new homes, 91 acres country parkland, a doctors surgery and 2 primary schools.
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Reasons for rapid growth in LICs, two main reasons : 1-Migration from rural to urban areas caused by - lack of jobs in rural areas due to pop growth & mechanisation, salaries lower in rural areas, perception of better life & education
2- high natural increase in population caused by - youth of the migrants-child bearing age, better medical facilities in urban areas, higher life expectancy, lack of contraception or knowledge of it.
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Case study - Cairo - home to 25% of Egypt's pop. Grows at aprox 500,000 a year. Direct result of people migrating there from rural areas + from increased life expectancy - 41 in 1960 to 70 in 2010
Rapidly growing pop causing problems. Housing is overcrowded and in short supply - average pop density of 30,000 people per square km. Continual congestion, problems with water supply + rubbish collection.
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Noise pollution - millions of vehicles, loud speakers calling Muslims to prayer & noise of nightclubs causing problems for residents of Cairo.
Air pollution - caused by the transport + industry. In industrial quarter Shoubra el Kheima 37% residents suffer from lung problems. Sun's rays blocked by smog vit D deficiency. Lead in air caused 80% rise tooth decay +lowers intelligence
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Land pollution - pop produces 10,000 tonnes solid waste a day, only 60% is collected. Rats & other vermin live in plague proportions in dumps + carry diseases
Water pollution - caused by domestic + industrial waste water. 80% of untreated industrial waste water is released into Nile. Egypt's coastal fishing industry + tourist industry being damaged. 23% pop dont have acess to fresh water supply
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Housing problems - 60% of Cairo's population lives in shanty type dwellings. 'City of the dead' or Arafa -cemetery used to be on outskirts but now part of city, people living there illegally as shelter an no where else to go.
Government responded by building cities on the outskirts of Cairo but people want to stay in the city where the jobs are.
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Positive effects of rapid growth - large pool of workers, so never short of people willing to do low paid work.
Also there is a huge purchasing power of such a large pop which allows the economy to go faster leading to an expansion in the manufacturing and retail sectors.
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Card 2

Front

Example of peacock farm estate includes 14,000 new homes, 91 acres country parkland, a doctors surgery and 2 primary schools.

Back

Development on greenfield sites - due to demand of housing, greenfield sites built on, on the edges of urban areas-known as urban sprawl.

Card 3

Front

2- high natural increase in population caused by - youth of the migrants-child bearing age, better medical facilities in urban areas, higher life expectancy, lack of contraception or knowledge of it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Rapidly growing pop causing problems. Housing is overcrowded and in short supply - average pop density of 30,000 people per square km. Continual congestion, problems with water supply + rubbish collection.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Air pollution - caused by the transport + industry. In industrial quarter Shoubra el Kheima 37% residents suffer from lung problems. Sun's rays blocked by smog vit D deficiency. Lead in air caused 80% rise tooth decay +lowers intelligence

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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