Glossary - Features and Functions

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 10-11-13 17:55
Political Party
An organisation that develops a set of political goals and policies, which it seeks to convert into political action by obtaining governmental office or by influencing the government of the day. They mobilise public opinion, put candidates up
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Feature
Characteristics. nature, what its like
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Function
What it does, its purpose
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Organisation
Structure or hierarchy in the party which enables the party to produce election manifestos and select candidates effectively and to mobilise activists.
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Policy
Plans and ideas for how the party will govern
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Political Programme
What priorities a government should have over its 5 years in office
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Manifesto
The political programme laid out by a party before an election so people know what they are voting for
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Ideology
A set of ideas that a party plans its policies around
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Candidates
People who will compete to stand in elections
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Councillor
Elected to represent a party in the local authority
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MP
Elected to represent a party in the local constituency
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Peer
A person who has been appointed or inherited the right to sit in the House of Lords
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Government
A political party who has won a general election by gaining the highest number of MPs and therefore has the right to govern the country
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Coalition Government
May be formed when one party does not gain more than half of the MPs in an election so joins with another party to form a government
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Minority Government
The largest party forms a government of its own even if it has less than half of the MPs in Parliament. This type of government could have difficulty passing laws.
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Opposition Party
A party that is not in government
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Backbench MPs
MPs for a party that are not ministers
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Ministers
MPs that are responsible for a particular area of government
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Aggregation
Identifying what the public and party want and deciding what is realistic and should have priority so it can be put into a practical political programme.
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Party Activists
Party Members who educate the public, particularly at election time, about what their party stands for and persuade people to vote for them
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Legislative Process
The process by which laws are made
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Mobilisation and Reinforcement of concent
Elections and the right to vote means people are supporting parliamentary democracy - it takes support away form other types of political action and systems e.g dictatorships and riots
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Characteristics. nature, what its like

Back

Feature

Card 3

Front

What it does, its purpose

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structure or hierarchy in the party which enables the party to produce election manifestos and select candidates effectively and to mobilise activists.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Plans and ideas for how the party will govern

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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