Glossary of Terms - Software and Operating systeme

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  • Created by: kenyone
  • Created on: 09-05-16 17:22
Software
Programs that run on the computer.
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System software
Programs that are used to run the computer, including the operating system, utilities, library routines and programming language translators.
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Application software
Programs that perform a task for a user. This is something that the user would do with or without a computer, it the task that matters not the computer.
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Utility programs
System software that provides other useful functions for operating the computer.
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Library
Systems software modules that perform frequently be built into or called from other programs.
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Translators
System software that translates high level programming languages into machine code. Includes compilers, interpreters and assemblers.
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Memory management
One of the main functions of the operating system – managing multiple applications using the space in main memory so all programs can be executed efficiently.
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Peripheral
A device (hardware) that is connected to the CPU to provide input, output or storage
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Peripheral management
One of the main functions of the operating system – managing the input to the CPU and the output from the CPU.
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Multi-tasking
One of the main functions of the operating system – managing how several tasks or programs, which are all running at the same time, share the processor.
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Security
One of the main functions of the operating system – protecting the computer system from various hazards such as unauthorised users, viruses, hackers and accidental damage.
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User interface
The method of communication between the computer and its user. Sometimes called HCI (Human-Computer Interface) or MMI (Man-Machine Interface).
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HCI
Human-Computer Interface: another term for user interface.
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MMI
Man-Machine Interface: another term for user interface.
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GUI
Graphical User Interface. A style of user interface, which is based on icons rather than text.
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WIMP interface
Stands for: Windows, Icons, Menus & Pointers. It describes a type of user interface where the user selects icons and menu items with a pointer of some kind (with a mouse, stylus or finger).
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Command-line interface
A style of user interface that is only text-based. Commands are typed in at a text prompt.
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Address
A numerical reference to a location in memory.
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Process
A program that is running in main memory.
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single-user
Describes the operating system of a computer where only one person can use the computer at any one time.
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Multi-user
Describes the operating system of a computer where more than one person can use the computer at any one time.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Programs that are used to run the computer, including the operating system, utilities, library routines and programming language translators.

Back

System software

Card 3

Front

Programs that perform a task for a user. This is something that the user would do with or without a computer, it the task that matters not the computer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

System software that provides other useful functions for operating the computer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Systems software modules that perform frequently be built into or called from other programs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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