Glossary of Key Terms

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Denotative Meanings
The literal meanings of words
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Connotative Meanings
Associated meanings of words
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Figurative Language
Language used in a non-literal way in order to describe something in another's terms (e.g. simile or metaphor).
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Semantic Fields
Groups of words connected by a shared field of reference, eg medicine, art.
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Synonyms
Words that have equivalent meanings
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Antonyms
Words that have contrasting meanings
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Hypernyms
Words that label categories, eg animal (this category includes for example dog, cat and rabbit)
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Hyponyms
Words that can be included in a larger, more general category (e.g. the hyponyms car, bus, aeroplane as a form of the hypernym transport).
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Levels of formality
Vocabulary styles including slang, colloquialisms, taboo, formal and fixed levels
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Occupational Register
A technical vocabulary associated with a particular occupation or actvity
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Sociolect
A language style associated with a particular social group
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Dialect
A language style associated with a particular geographical region
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Neology
The process of new word formation, including the following: blends, compounds, acronyms, initialisms, eponyms
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Semantic Change
The process of words changing meaning, including the following: narrowing, broadening, amelioration, pejoration, semantic reclamation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Associated meanings of words

Back

Connotative Meanings

Card 3

Front

Language used in a non-literal way in order to describe something in another's terms (e.g. simile or metaphor).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Groups of words connected by a shared field of reference, eg medicine, art.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Words that have equivalent meanings

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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