Globalisation and Crime

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  • Created by: Gabzay
  • Created on: 22-03-14 15:43
Define globalisation.
The increasing interconnectedness of societies.
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Name some causes of globalisation.
Spread of new ICT, influence of global mass media, cheap air travel, deregulation of financial and other markets.
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How does globalisation affect crime?
It creates new opportunities for existing forms of crime and new ways of committing crime and new offences.
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Define globalisation of crime (identidied by Held et al).
The increasing interconnectedness of crime across national borders and the spread of transnational organised crime.
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According to Castells, what is worth £1 trillion per year?
The global criminal economy.
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What are the following forms of: trafficking arms and nuclear materials, smuggling illegal immigrants, trafficking women and children, sex tourism, cybercrime, green crime and terrorism?
Global crime.
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What is the term used to describe the fact that risk is seen as global rather than tied to a particular place?
Global risk consciousness.
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Name a global risk according to Western countries.
Economic migrants and asylum seekers fleeing persecution.
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What is one result of global risk consciousness?
Intensification of social control at a national level.
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Give an example of intensification of social control at the national level.
Tightened border control regulations in the UK, Fortress Europe.
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What does Taylor (Marxist) believe that globalisation has led to?
Greater inequality, rising crime and new patterns of crime.
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What do TNCs do in order to gain higher profits according to Taylor?
Outsource to low-wage countries.
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What is the result of TNCs outsourcing?
Job insecurity, unemployment and poverty.
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According to Taylor, what does the deregulation of financial markets create opportunities for?
Insider trading and tax evasion.
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What crime opportunities are created by new employment patterns?
Using subcontracting to recruit 'flexible' workers, often working illegally.
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What does Taylor's theory fail to do?
Explain why many poor people don't turn to crime.
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What did Hobbs and Dunningham identify?
'Glocal' organisation where crime works as a 'glocal' system - locally based, but with global connections.
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What did Glenny examine?
'McMafia' - organisation that emerged in Russia and Eastern Europe after the fall of communism.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name some causes of globalisation.

Back

Spread of new ICT, influence of global mass media, cheap air travel, deregulation of financial and other markets.

Card 3

Front

How does globalisation affect crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define globalisation of crime (identidied by Held et al).

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

According to Castells, what is worth £1 trillion per year?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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