Globalisation Flashcards

WITHOUT CASE STUDIES

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1. What is globalisation?
The process of economies becoming more integrated.
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2. Name three things that have increased globalisation
International trade, international investment and improvements in communication
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3. Countries have become ................ as a result of globalisation.
interdependant - rely on eachother for resources or services.
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4. How has improvements in ICT increased globalisation?
Carry information easier and quicker. No time is lost with contacting other companies or countries. Very efficient.
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5. How has transport improvements increased globalisation?
More airports, trains and larger ships. Quicker and easier to travel to talk to someone face to face. Made easier for companies to get supplies from around the world and to distribute products around the world.
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6. Explain the development of call centres.
Handle telephone enquires about their business, improvements in ICT mean that it is easy to phone a faraway country. Labour is cheap and reduces running costs.
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7. Explain the development of localised industrial regions.
Improvements in ICT and transport have allowed some industries to develop a specific region that is useful to them, but still have global connections to get resources.
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8. What are TNCs?
Trans-National Corporations. They are companies that produce products, sell products and are located in more than one country.
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9. How do TNCs increase globalisation?
Linking countries together through the production and sale of goods.
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10. Why are TNCs offices located in rich parts of the world?
More people with administrative skills because education is better.
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11. Give some advantages of TNCs.
Create jobs in located country. Employees in poorer countries get more reliable income compared to jobs like farming. TNCs spent money and improve infracture. New technology and skills are brought to poor countries.
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12. Give some disadvantages of TNCs.
Employees in poor countries paid less than rich and have to work longer hours, poor conditions. Most profits go to richer country. Jobs in poor countries aren't secure.
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13. Why are TNCs located in poor countries?
Cheap labour, Long working hours, laxer health and safety regulations, prohibition of strikes, tax incentives and tax free zones.
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14. What is deindustrialisation?
Happens in RICH countries. Manufactoring has decreased. Because... Move factories abroad because cheaper. Manufactorers close down because they cant compete with the price of goods manufactured abroad.
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15. What happens as a result of deindustrialisation?
Lots of manual workers lose their jobs, buildings become derelict. Often an increase in service industries like banking and insurance. These industries pay higher wages.
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16. Why is global energy demand increasing?
People in poorer countries are richer and buying more things. Technological advances have created devices that need more energy. World population is just over 7 million so more energy is needed.
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17. What are the social impacts of producing more energy?
People move out the area to build a power plant. Radioactive waste is produced causing death and illnesses also could contaminate land. Creates jobs.
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18. What are the environmental impacts of producing more energy?
Burning fossil fuels create CO2. This adds to global warming. Causes acid rain. Deforestation if wood cut down for fuel. Mining removes alot of land, destroy habitats and cause air and water pollution. Oil slicks, kill birds and fish.
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19. Why has food production become globalised?
Demand for food all year round. Food produced in foreign countries and is imported. Increase in population so more food needed. Some countries cant grow enough food for their population.
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20. What are the environmental impacts of producing and importing more food? (FOOD MILES)
Produces carbon dioxide and more global warming. Food is produced all year round. Helps meet increasing demand. More food produces locally but huge scale (pesticides and chemicals - low food miles but high co2). Marginal land uses - lead to erosion.
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21. What are the social impacts of producing and importing more food?
Farmers switching from subsistence farming to commercial farming. make more money and meet the demand. Reduces the amount of food produced for local people so they have to import food. If food prices go down then farmers will earn less.
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22. What are the political impacts of producing and importing more food?
Lots of water needed - farmers with low rainfall irrigate their land with water from rivers and lakes. Demand for water increases may be hostilities between countries that use the same water source.
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23. What are the economic impacts of producing and importing more food?
Using chemicals helps produce food but is very expensive. Farmers can generate a steady income by producing food for export to other countries.
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24. Give some examples of renewable energy resources.
Wind, biomass (from living organisms), solar power, hydroelectric power.
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25. What does producing renewable energy sources contribute to?
A sustainable development.
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26. What is the Kyoto Protocol?
International agreement tha was signed by most countries to cut down on their levels of CO2. Each country set targets by 2012.
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27. What is the carbon credits scheme?
Met emissions targets = got carbon credits that they could sell to other countries that didnt meet their targets. Also earn carbon credits = help poorer countries reduce their emissions.
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28. How does buying food locally reduce the impacts of globalised food supply?
Celebrity chefs, food writers and campaigners encourage to buy locally. Buying food locally helps reduce food miles. However it could put people in poorer countries out of work.
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30. How does recycling reduce waste created by globalisation?
Globalisation means more people have access to more products and are more wasteful. Thrown away to landfill, increased since globalisation. Recycle waste to then make new products out of the waste.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

2. Name three things that have increased globalisation

Back

International trade, international investment and improvements in communication

Card 3

Front

3. Countries have become ................ as a result of globalisation.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

4. How has improvements in ICT increased globalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

5. How has transport improvements increased globalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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