Global challenges for the future

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Environmental consequences of globalisation
Tropical rainforests cover less than 5% of the planet yet they are biodiversity hotspots-1/2 of the known species. WWF, at the current rate, the forests will be gone within 50 years.
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More environmental consequences
Deforestation releases more Carbon Dioxide than all forms of transport. 1/2 of deforestation in Africa is carried out by subsistence farmers.
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Social consequences of globalisation
Tourism is the world's biggest industry; 1 in 4 jobs are influenced by tourism. It is the major driving force behind globalisation.
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Case study: Varadero, Cuba
140km from Havana. Own airport. 1 million tourists in 2009. TNC chains, e.g. Iberostar. +Income supports development. -Repatriated profits; leaked. -Locals dependent on tourism; volatile. -Lose Cuban culture.
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Food miles
Distance food has travelled from producer to consumer. E.g. strawberries from Spain 1,600km.
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Fair trade
A greater proportion of the profits to producers. E.g. in 2000, Agrofair brought fair trade bananas.
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Ethical shopping
M&S produced plan A where food is fair trade and they have naturally dyed clothes.
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Carbon offsetting
Reduce, recycle and reuse. In London, they produce 3.4 million tonnes of rubbish a year. This could fill Canary Wharf every year.
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Green strategies: transport
E.g. fuel efficient vehicles. MANDATORY use of Carbon Dioxide and biofuels. -Effectiveness may drop as income increases.
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Green strategies: agriculture
Improve crop and growing management to increase soil carbon storage. Financial regulations and incentives for land management. +Reduce climate change.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deforestation releases more Carbon Dioxide than all forms of transport. 1/2 of deforestation in Africa is carried out by subsistence farmers.

Back

More environmental consequences

Card 3

Front

Tourism is the world's biggest industry; 1 in 4 jobs are influenced by tourism. It is the major driving force behind globalisation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

140km from Havana. Own airport. 1 million tourists in 2009. TNC chains, e.g. Iberostar. +Income supports development. -Repatriated profits; leaked. -Locals dependent on tourism; volatile. -Lose Cuban culture.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Distance food has travelled from producer to consumer. E.g. strawberries from Spain 1,600km.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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