Gladiators

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  • Created by: Lotto65
  • Created on: 04-06-16 16:37
What happened before the gladiator fights?
They were ceremoniously paraded around the arena before being presented to the emperor's podium
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What did the first events consist of?
Bloodless, farcial fights between clowns with wooden swords
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What were the three main cries from the crowd if a gladiator went down?
'Habet, hoc habet!' (he's had it) 'Mitte!' (let him go) 'Lugula!' (kill him)
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How would the wounded gladiator express a plea for mercy?
Hold up his index finger from his left hand and lay down his sword
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How did the judge prevent further blows at the point where the gladiator is down?
A long staff
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How did the crowd signify their approval?
Turning their thumbs
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Who decided the gladiator's fate?
The emperor
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Who decided the fate of a gladiator if the emperor was not there?
The producer (editor) of the games
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What should the emperor do when deciding a gladiator's fate?
Listen to the crowd
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When would a gladiator be let off?
If he fought well
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What was considered bad form in gladiator shows?
If a gladiator was forced to fight again in the same day
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What were the prizes for winning?
A crown or a palm branch, money and money awarded by the crowd
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How was money from the crowd collected?
In a silver tray
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What were the names of the three different gates for gladiators?
Porta triumphalis, porta libitensis, porta sanavivaria
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What happened to the fallen gladiator?
A hooded figure representing the Dis Pater took them through the porta libitensis where he was stripped of weapons and armour
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What happened to the weapons and armour of a fallen gladiator?
Returned to the gladiatorial troupe
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When a gladiator retired, what was he given?
A symbolic wooden sword
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What was a gladiator expected to do if they decided for him to die?
Bear their neck and be fearless of death
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What was in the morning of gladiator shows?
Hunting of wild animals
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What was in the afternoon of gladiator shows?
Gladiator fights
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What was at lunchtime in gladiator shows?
Executions
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What was believed about the blood of a fallen gladiator?
It was a remedy to fight impotence
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Who was believed to have a fertile married life?
A bride who's hair was parted by a fallen gladiator's spear
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What did people think of gladiators?
They were an outcast of society and were no different to criminals or other shameful professions
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How might someone be executed?
Given to wild beasts or put on fire
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What was good for the people of Rome in publicly witnessing executions?
They were reassured that proper social order had been restored
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How did captured soldiers used to have to fight?
With their own weapons in their own particular style
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Which tribe was the prototype for professional Roman gladiators?
Samnites
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What did a samnite gladiator wear/ possess?
Oblong, large shield; Elaborate helmet; wide leather belt; a sword; a greave
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What leg was a greave worn on?
Left
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What were the retiarii armed with?
A trident and a net and a shoulder piece on their left side
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What was the helmet like on a murmillones helmet?
Had a fish-like crest
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Was a murmillones lightly or heavily armed?
Heavily
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What did a Thraeces have?
A scimitar and a small square shield
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What did a hoplomachi have?
A small round shield, a lance and a short straight sword
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What did you wear if you had small shields?
Long greaves and often protective leather bands around the arms and legs
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What did the essedarii fight with?
War chariots
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What did the equites fight with?
On horseback
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What did the velites have?
A spear attached to a thong so it could be easily retrieved
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What did the laquearii use?
A lasso
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What did sagittarii have?
A bow and arrow
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How many swords did a dimachaeri have?
Two
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What was funny about the andabatae?
Their helmets acted as blindfolds
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Did similarly armed gladiators regularly fight?
No
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Who were often beast fighters?
Criminals, prisoners of war, wretched men
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What was the duty of other bestiarii?
Look after the animals and goaded them into fighting and attempted to separate them from their victims
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Give examples of animals used
Lions, elephants, elks, tigers, leapards, hippos, rhinos, hyenas, giraffes, wild asses, wild horses, stags, ostriches, boars, deer and wild sheep
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What did they do to animals unwilling to charge?
Used arrows
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What allowed loads of people to be seated in the Colosseum?
Steeply raked seating
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Who could sit in the podium?
Senators, equestrians and the emperor
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Who sat in the highest tier?
Women and low status Romans
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What is a bone tessera?
Ticket
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How many gladiator schools were there?
4
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What is the name of a gladiator school?
Ludus magnus
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Who ran the gladiator schools?
The emperor
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How many storeys of rooms were there below the floor?
3
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What is a vomitorium? What was it used for?
A corridor used to funnel and control a huge crowd and allow spectators to access their seats
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What allowed spectators to move around the building?
Concentric passages below the seating
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What is a lanista?
Trainer (owner)
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What shows the importance of the gladiator shows/ colosseum?
The size of it and the fact that lots wrote about it
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the first events consist of?

Back

Bloodless, farcial fights between clowns with wooden swords

Card 3

Front

What were the three main cries from the crowd if a gladiator went down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How would the wounded gladiator express a plea for mercy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did the judge prevent further blows at the point where the gladiator is down?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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