Germany Key Idea 5

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When does HItler commit suicide?
April 1945
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When is the unconditional surrender?
8th May
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Who is the new government taken over by?
The victorious allies, they shared power
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Why were there so many villages and towns full of refugees?
To escape from the advancing red army
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What was wrong with overfilled towns and villages?
Competition fro scarce food, housing - overcrowded and ill-health
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What side do soviet forces take control of?
The east
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Who has control of the West?
The forces of GB, USA and France
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What was the Cold war a war of?
Intelligence
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What was there none of during the cold war?
No direct fighting between the two opposing countries
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What was communist ideology?
State of equality, state ownership, no political choice
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What was Democracy ideology like?
private ownership, free press and political rights
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When was Potsdam?
July - August 1945
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Who attended potsdam?
Churchill (atlee), Stalin and Truman
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What had happened by July 1945?
Germany had surrendered however Japan had not
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What was decided at Potsdam?
split Germany into four occupied zones and split Berlin the same way
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In Soviet zones what main party was formed?
SED, formed from the KPD and SPD
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What did the SED stand for?
Socialist unity party
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When was the SED formed?
21st April 1946
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What had the SED said in 1948?
They openly proclaimed they were a marxist- Lenist party of a new type
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What had to happen in the West to form a new party?
they had to be licensed and democratic
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What was the main party to dominate Western Zones?
Christian Democratic Union
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How were the Denazification policies similar in the two Zones?
Major War criminals were brought to some form of justice in the Nuremburg crime trials
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When were the Nuremburg trials?
November 1945 - october 1946
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What was the initial form of punishement for former Nazis?
Mass internment
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What happened in Western Zones?
Questionaires or Fragenbogen
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What did this seek?
Indiviual motives
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What were people also given in Western Zones?
Persil certificates
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What did people do to show good characters?
swap brown shirts for white shirts
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What was the main way with dealing with former nazis in Eastern Germany?
Mass internment in Concentration camps
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Example?
BuchenWald
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When was Bizonia formed?
1947
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What countries formed Bizonia?
US and Britain
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When was trizonia formed ?
1949
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What was promised to zones?
Marshall aid
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Who could have it?
Any zone that promised to allow a free market
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What was prevelent after WW2?
The black market
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What happened as a result?
A new deutschmark was introduced in Western Zones
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What was introduced in Eastern Zones?
The East German Mark
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What did the Soviet Union want?
To cut off west Berlin
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What did they do to ensure this?
They blocked off air, rail, road and waterway from Western Berlin
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What was the consequence of this?
The allies released the Berlin Airlift
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What did this include?
fly provisions from the West, parcels of flour, milk, medicine and presents to children at christmas
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What was the duration of the Berlin airlift?
June 1948 to May 1949
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Who surrendered?
The Soviet forces
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What were the two sides of Germany?
FRG and GDR
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When was the division of Germany
1949
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What were the two sides?
FRG and GDR
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What the Soviet East called?
German Democratic republic
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What was the Allies West Called?
Federal Republic of Germany
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When is the unconditional surrender?

Back

8th May

Card 3

Front

Who is the new government taken over by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why were there so many villages and towns full of refugees?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was wrong with overfilled towns and villages?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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