Germany

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Why was the Weimar Government weak?
Proportional representation, coalition, Article 48
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What was Article 48?
The president was allowed to use this to rule by decree
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When did the Kapp Putsch and the Spartacists Putsch take place?
1919
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When was the Munich Putsch?
Nov 1923
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How many supporters did Hitler have on the Munich Putsch?
600 SA members and 2000 supporters
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When was the Kellogg Briand Pact signed?
1928
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What was the Kellogg Briand Pact?
An agreement between Germany and 60 other nations to not go to war again
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What are the reasons for Nazi Electoral success?
Depression, Nazi appeal, Propaganda, Financial supports, SA
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When was the Reichstag fire?
27th February 1933
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What was the emergency decree passed after the Reichstag fire and what did it mean?
Decree for the Protection of the People and State which gave Hitler the power to imprison enemies of the state without trial and restrict free speech
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Which year were Trade Unions banned?
1933
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What was the Enabling Act and when was it passed?
It allowed Hitler to pass any law he wanted for four years. 23 March 1933
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What happened on the Night of Long Knives?
400 enemies of state were arrested and shot including Roehm, von Schleicher and von Kahr
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When did Hitler become Chancellor?
January 1933
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When did Hitler become Fuhrer?
August 1934
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How many were unemployed in 1933?
6 million
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What was the Reich Labour Service?
A programme to get men to undertake manual labour such as building autobahns.
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When did the RAD become compulsory and who for?
1935 for all males aged 18-25 for 6 months work.
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How else did Hitler deal with Germany's economic problems?
By increasing the army, economic ministers, control of the work force (wages, hours)
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How did Hitler control the work force?
German Labour Front replaced the unions in May 1933
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How did Hitler reward workers?
Strength through Joy (KdF) and Beauty of Labour (SdA)
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What happened to women in 1936?
Banned from being lawyers, doctors etc
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In 1939 how many women had honour crosses?
3 million
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What league were lawyers members of?
National Socialist League for Maintainence of Law
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What was Goebbels minister for?
Popular enlightenment and propaganda
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When was the concordat with the Pope signed?
1933
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When did the Pope protest against Hitler and what happened after?
1937 - 400 priests were sent to Dachau
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How were the Jews prosecuted in 1933?
The SA boycotted shops, Professionals were sacked, banned from Gov. jobs, banned from inheriting land, books were burnt
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How were the Jews prosecuted in 1934?
Banned from public places
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In what ways were the Jews prosecuted in 1935?
Banned from the army and german owned restaurants
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When were the Nuremberg Laws made?
1935
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What were the Nuremberg Laws?
Reich Laws on Citizenship - Jews lost their citizenship, Law for the Protection of German Blood & Honour - This prevented Jews from marrying or having sexual relations with a German.
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How were the Jews prosecuted in 1938?
They had to register their possessions, carry identity cards, were banned from medically treating Germans, had to add Israel or Sara to their names and had a J on their passports.
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What was Kristallnacht?
9th Nov 1938 - 400 synagogues were burnt, 7500 shops destroyed and 30,000 Jews arrested
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What were women banned from doing in 1938 and why?
Being lawyers, judges or members of the jury because they were 'too emotional' and 'sympathetic'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was Article 48?

Back

The president was allowed to use this to rule by decree

Card 3

Front

When did the Kapp Putsch and the Spartacists Putsch take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the Munich Putsch?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many supporters did Hitler have on the Munich Putsch?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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