Germany 1918-1945

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What happened in Germany in October 1918?
Soldiers and sailors united against the government. A general strike occured.
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What did the SDP threaten to do?
To join in with the strike, unless Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated.
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What were some aspects of the Weimar Constitution?
States were allowed to have a say in politics, all Germans were given equal rights, Article 48 was created.
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What was the worst Treaty facet for Germany?
That they had to pay 6.6 billion pounds for war reperations - in debt.
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What is the 'stab in the back' myth?
The Government told German soldiers that they were winning, in order for them to retreat and end the war.
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What happened in the spartacist uprising of 1919?
Spartacists captured Government HQ and attacked SDP, Freikorps recaptured it and killed hundreds of communists within spartacists.
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Who lead the Kapp Putsch in 1920?
Wolfgang Kapp.
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What was the outcome of the Putsch?
The government fled Berlin, workers went on a strike and Freikorps were free to kill communists.
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Why did the French occupy the Ruhr in 1923?
Because Germany were in debt and so the money that was printed was worthless.
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Who suffered most from Hyperinflation and why?
The poor citizens. Prices increased, wages decreased & businesses were destroyed.
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Name the new currency, brought out by Stresseman.
Rentenmark
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What was so great about Stresseman's achievements?
Got G back into league of nations, helped them finiancially with USA
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Name the plan enabling G to pay less reperations each year.
The Young Plan
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What pact was made in 1928?
The Kellog-Briand pact, settle disputes and not go to war again.
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What did Hitler do in Munich in 1923?
Hijacked a government meeting and forced members to help him overthrow the government.
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What did Hitler do in Munich in 1923?
Marched into Munich to attempt a putsch.
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What year was the Nazi Party re launched?
1925
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Why was Germany drawn to economic depression?
G repay USA for rep loans, Businesses were closed, Chancellor raised taxes and cut wages to avoid debt.
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Name some Nazi methods for support in Reichstag.
Promised to fix economy, gave support to the army, gave people hope when they needed it most
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Who helped Hitler become Chancellor?
Von Papen
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Who was blamed for starting the Reichstag fire?
Van Der Lubbe, a communist
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How did Hitler look like a hero?
Saddened by fire, blamed communists, gained popularity.
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Define the Enabling Act.
A legal foundation for dictatorship
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What did Hitler allow the Nazis to do through the Enabling Act?
Banned communists from Reichstag, banned trade unions, Nazis allied with National party, controlled state parliaments
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Give some factors of how Hitler became Dictator in 1934.
President Hindenburgs death. Enabling Act. Banned SDP from Reichstag, and all communists.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the SDP threaten to do?

Back

To join in with the strike, unless Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated.

Card 3

Front

What were some aspects of the Weimar Constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the worst Treaty facet for Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the 'stab in the back' myth?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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