Germany 1918-1939

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When was the Weimer Republic set up?
August 1919
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What was Article 48?
The President couls suspend constitution in an emergency and could make laws and keep the Chancellor in office withough the support of the Reichstag.
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When was the Treaty Of Versailles signed?
28th June 1919
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When did WW1 end?
11th November 1918
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When was the treaty ending WW1 signed?
28th June 1919
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What was 'Gewaltfrieden'?
An enforced peace.
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What was 'Diktat'?
'Diktat' meant dictated peace. The Germans used this to describe the Treaty Of Versailles.
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What was 'Dolchtoss'?
The idea that the politicians had stabbed the army in the back.
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When and what was the Spartacist Uprising?
6th January 1919 and it was an attempt to overthrow Ebert and the Weimar Government to create a Communist state.
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When and what was the Kapp Putsch?
March 1920. It was an attempted coup to overthrow the Weimar Republic and create an autocratic government.
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When and what was the Munich Putsch?
November 1923. Also known as the Beer Hall Putsch it was a coup in attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic. It was a failure, the Nazi party was banned and Hitler was put on trial, later to be sent to prison..
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What was the reparations Germany was ordered to pay?
6600 million pounds
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What and when was the Dawes Plan?
August 1924- lowering of reparations to enable Germany to be able to pay them. Main points were; the Ruhr area would be evacuated by the Allied troops (1925);the USA would give loans to Germany.
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Explain US Loans.
It was created to boost the German economy and help them pay the reparations demanded.
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What was the Retenmark?
The Retenmark was the new, temporary currency introduced by Stresemann in November 1923. This was created as a response to the Hyperinflation of 1923 which destroyed the previous currency.
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What was the Young Plan?
The Young Plan was an extension of the Dawes Plan again to help the Germans pay for the reparations. The time limit was 59 years.
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What was the Locarno Treaties?
The Locarno Treaties was Stresemann's attempt to improve relations with France and Britain. It was signed in 1925 and it was an agreement for the countries to keep to their borders. It was a period of cooperation.
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What was the League of Nations?
The League of Nations was an international organisations created in 1920 to keep peace. Germany joined in 1926 and was a return to power for them.
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What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
It was a pact signed in 1928 to agree to keep their armies for uses such as self-defence. It was signed with 64 other nations.
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Explain political stability?
This was from 1924-1929, a period known as the Golden Age, where there was less support for extremist groups and an overall loss of tension.
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When was the Great Depression?
1929 to 1933
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Explain the Great Depression in relation to the loans and Germany.
In 1929 the stock market in the USA collapsed causing them to demand the loans they gave to Germany back. Unable to pay them all at once Germany fell into inflation and unemployment began to rise rapidly. The economy was greatly damaged.
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When was unemployment in Germany at its worst?
Unemployment was at its worst in January 1932.
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When did Hitler become Chancellor?
January 1933
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What were the causes of the Munich Putsch?
Hatred of the Treaty of Versailles, Weimer was blamed for hyperinflation, SA would be used as armed support, Hitler hated the Weimer Republic, growth of the Nazi party, German humiliation following the occupation of the Ruhr.
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When was Hitler's Trial and what was his sentance?
It began in February 1924 and he was found guilty and sent to Landsberg prison on April 1st for five years. He got out after 9 months and wrote Mein Kampf.
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What did Josef Goebbels do for the Nazi Party?
Goebbels was in charge of propaganda and presented the Nazi Party. He was able to manipulate many people through his rallies, posters, banners etc.
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When was Goebbels appointed Head Of Propaganda?
1929 but in 1933 he was appointed Minister for Propoganda and Popular Enlightenment.
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What were the November Criminals?
The German Politicians who signed the Treaty of Versailles and allowed the 'downfall' of Germany.
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How did Hitler blame the Jews?
He said they helped cause unemployment, caused Germany's defeat in WW1, were involved with the evils of Communism, had been involved with the Bolshevik Revolution.
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How did Hitler get support?
He was a good public speaker which attracted many and he also created the 25 Point programme presenting himself as organized.
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When and what was the Reichstag Fire?
27th February 1933- It was a fire that burned down the Reichstag (parliament building) blamed on the mindless Dutch Communist Van Der Lubbe as he was found near the site. The Nazi's used this to arrest many Communists.
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Why was the Enabling Bill important for Hitler?
It was important for Hitler as it allowed the SA to intimidate members as they entered the chamber, stopped Communists from voting, increased chances of Nazi Party succeeding, absentees were counted as present.
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What and when was the Night of the Long Knives?
June 30, 1934 – July 2, 1934 It was a purge to
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Card 2

Front

What was Article 48?

Back

The President couls suspend constitution in an emergency and could make laws and keep the Chancellor in office withough the support of the Reichstag.

Card 3

Front

When was the Treaty Of Versailles signed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did WW1 end?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the treaty ending WW1 signed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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