Germany 1918-1939

Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918-1939 

Rise of Hitler and his policies and the fall of the Weimar Government. 

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What did Kinder, Kirche, Kuche stand for?
3 Ks, is a German slogan translated as “children, kitchen, church”
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What did the law for encouragement of marriage state?
. This law stated that all newly married couples would get a government loan of 1000 marks which was about 9 months average income. 800,000 newly weds took up this offer. This loan was not to be simply paid back. The birth of one child meant that 25%
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What was the "Strength through Joy" or KdF?
It was an organisation set up by the German Labour Front to replace trade unions. It tried to improve leisure time of German workers. The trips included concerts, theatre visits, museum tours, sporting events, weekend trips, holidays and cruises.
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What was the Dawes Plan?
Reparation payments would be spread out over a four year period starting at 1 billion marks. The Ruhr was evacuated by Allied troops. Reichsbank was reorganised under Allied Supervision and the USA would give loans to Germany to help ecomnoic recove
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How did Germany joining the league of nations help them?
Germany had permanent seat in the League after September 1926. This confirmed Germany's "Great Power" status once again and gained considerable prestige for Stressmann. It also helped Stressmann bring about the Young Plan.
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What was the Lorncarno Treaties?
The treaties agreed to keep existing borders between Germany, Belgium and France. This improved relations with France and the Allies as France now felt safe from Germany.
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What was the Treaty of Versailles?
It was the treaty ending the First World War. In it there were many different territorial, military and financial terms that Germany had to follow.
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What was the Enabling Law?
Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to sign the "Decree for the Protection of People and State". This suspended basic civil rights and allowed the Nazis to imprison large numbers of their political opponents. It also gave Hitler complete power for four years
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What was the Munich Putsch?
Also known as the "Beer Hall Putsch", Hitler and 600 Nazi's seized the Beer Hall in Munich. Hitler won 3 promises of support in the takeover of Berlin from von Lassow, von Kahr and von Seisser. Although, they were let out and let the police know.
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What was the Wall Street Crash?
The US stock market crashed. Germany depended on US loans and therefore went through a period of Great Depression.
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Who were the Nazi enemies of state?
Jewish people, Handicapped, Soviets, Poles, Serbians, Roma &Sinti, Political Opponents, homosexuals and Jevoahs Witnesses.
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What was the murder of Rathenau?
Rathenau was a Foreign Minister of state and had Jewish background. He was shot 5 times and consequently murdered due to Anti-Semitism
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What was the Young Plan?
The reparations for WW1 were reduced from £6600 million to £1850 million. The length of time was extended to 59 years with payments at an average of 2.05 billion marks per year.
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What was the German Labour Front?
The German Labour Front (German: Deutsche Arbeitsfront, DAF) was the National Socialist trade union organization which replaced the various trade unions of the Weimar Republic after Adolf Hitler's rise to power.
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What was the Nazi-Soviet Pact?
Through the Nazi-Soviet Pact, Stalin and Hitler agreed not to go to war with each other and to split Poland between them.
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When does Hitler become Chancellor of Germany?
30th of January 1933
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What was the invasion of the Ruhr?
The French invaded the Ruhr as Germany weren't paying their reparations and due to the failure of the Weimar Government
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What was the Night of Long Knives?
The Night of the Long Knives, in June 1934, saw the wiping out of the SA's leadership and others who had angered Hitler in the recent past in Nazi Germany. After this date, the SS lead by Heinrich Himmler was to become far more powerful in Nazi Germa
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Why did Kaiser Wilhelm abdicate?
Wilhelm was forced to abdicate and went into exile in the Netherlands. Attempts by the victorious allies to extradite and try him for war crimes came to nothing.
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What was the Kapp Putsch?
A movement started by Wolfgang Kapp in 1920. He wanted the return of the Kaiser.
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What were the Nuremberg Laws?
At the annual party rally held in Nuremberg in 1935, the Nazis announced new laws which institutionalized many of the racial theories prevalent in Nazi ideology. The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying o
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What was the Armistice?
The Armistice was the agreement for a seize fire signed by the "November Criminals". It was the end of World War One.
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What was Kristallnacht?
Kristallnacht was a nationwide, state-sponsored pogrom (a spree of violence directed against Jews) conducted throughout Germany and Austria (which had been annexed by Germany in March 1938) from the evening and night of November 9.
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What was the Reichstag Fire?
It was the fire that burned down the Reichstag building, which was the German houses of Parliament.
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What was the Hitler Youth?
It was an organisation set up by the Nazi's for little boys to learn about how to fight in war.
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What was the National Labour Service?
The Reichsarbeitsdienst (translated to Reich Labour Service, abbreviated RAD) was a major organisation established by Nazi Germany as an agency to help mitigate the effects of mass unemployment on German economy, militarise the workforce and indoctri
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Who were the Sparatcist's?
They tried to overthrow the Weimar Government in January 1919. They were a communist organisation. They were stopped by the Freikorps, a group of old soldiers.
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Card 2

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What did the law for encouragement of marriage state?

Back

. This law stated that all newly married couples would get a government loan of 1000 marks which was about 9 months average income. 800,000 newly weds took up this offer. This loan was not to be simply paid back. The birth of one child meant that 25%

Card 3

Front

What was the "Strength through Joy" or KdF?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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What was the Dawes Plan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Germany joining the league of nations help them?

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