Germany 1870-1920

Events in Germany between 1870 and 1920. 

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When was the Franco-Prussian War?
1870-1871
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What happened in the Franco-Prussian War?
The war ends with French defeat and they lose Alasce Lorraine to the Prussians. The war helps make the Prussians strong enough to unify Germany under their leadership.
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When was the unification of Germany?
1871
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After 1871, who ruled the new German Reich?
The Kaiser: Kaiser Wilhelm II, who had previously been King of Prussia. He has a Reichstag, but he was effectively a dictator.
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What was Germany like before WW1?
Germany was an increasingly powerful country, with it's growing Empire; they were proud of their militarism and was doing well economically.
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When was WW1?
1914-1918
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How did Germany feel about the outcome of the war upon entering it?
They were confident of victory.
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What was the Ludendorff Offensive?
An offensive set up by General Ludendorff in early 1918. It gave the Germans a strong hope of victory, but ultimately failed when America joined the war.
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Why was there food shortage in Germany?
The British Naval Blockade was stopping Germany from getting supplies.
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Why did Germany surrender?
The food shortages were leading to protests and demonstrations in Germany. There were mutinies in the armed forces. Due to this being an echo of what happened in Russia before their communist revolution, Germany surrendered in order to stop a repeat.
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When was the Spartacist Uprising?
1919
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How successful was the Spartacist Uprising?
It had early successes, but no backing from the Spartacist leaders, such as Rosa Luxembourg. Eventually, the uprising was put down by the Government with the help of the Freikorps.
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What were some of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
German demilitarisation of the Rhineland, massively restricted armed forces, War Guilt Clause, loss of a lot of territory, and the payment of reparations.
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When was the Kapp Putsch?
1920
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What was the Kapp Putsch?
An attempted revolution by the right-wing Friekorps. Ebert's government managed to put it down by appealing to German people, who held a mass strike.
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Card 2

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What happened in the Franco-Prussian War?

Back

The war ends with French defeat and they lose Alasce Lorraine to the Prussians. The war helps make the Prussians strong enough to unify Germany under their leadership.

Card 3

Front

When was the unification of Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

After 1871, who ruled the new German Reich?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Germany like before WW1?

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