Germany

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  • Created by: Jess_1803
  • Created on: 24-10-13 18:47
How much did Germany have to pay as war reparations?
6.6 BILLION
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How much did Germany pay in its first installment and when?
2 BILLION gold marks in 1921
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What were the German government accused of in 1922?
Trying to get out reparation responsibilities
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When was the Ruhr invaded and by who?
January 1923 + by French and Belgian troops
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What was the Ruhr and why was it significant?
It was Germany's most valuable industrial area and the coal mines, steel factories and railways were taken over
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What rules did they invasion break?
Rules of the League of Nations (But this was ignored)
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What was the response of the Weimar Republic?
They ordered all the workers to go on strike and to passively resist the French and Belgian troops
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How many people were killed and expelled from their homes?
132 people were killed and 150,000 expelled from their homes.
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Why did Germany's economy START to suffer?
Because the Ruhr was Germany's richest economic area and produced a great deal of wealth for the country as a whole. The sriking workers HAD to be paid and people expelled from their homes HAD to be looked after, but nothing was being produced.
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What fatal mistake did Germany make to cover the costs of 1923?
Printed more money therefore money became worthless-resulted in hyperinflation (at its height in July 1923)
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How did each class respond to the hyperinflation?
Working class- had no possessions to sell and had no money whatsover. Middle class - life savings in the bank were worthless so they had to sell possessions
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Who founded the Nazi party? and why?
Antom Drexler -to draw workers away from Communism
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When did Hitler join the The Nazi Party?
1919
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What was the Nazi party's original name?
German Workers' Party
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What was the Nazi party later renamed to?
National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)
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When was the 25 point programme written?
Hitler helped to write the 25 point programme outlining the party's beliefs in 1920
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When did Hitler become the leader of the Nazi Party?
1921
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When was the Munich Putsch?
November 1923
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Who did Hitler see were controlling the Weimar Republic?
November criminals, Jews and Socialists
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How long did Hitler spend in prison after his sentence was reduced?
He was involved with the judge previosuly and got his sentence from 5nyears to 9 months
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When did Hitler write Mein Kampf?
In prison - 1924
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Who helped the Weimar Republic recover?
Gustav Stresemann
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What party was Stresemann previously part of?
German Democratic Party - kicked out because he was associated with right wing
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What party did Stresemann start?
German People's Party
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When did Stresemann become the Chancellor of Weimar?
13 August 1923
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When was Stresemann foreign minister of the Weimar Republic?
1923-1929
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What four actions did Stresemann take?
Dawes plan (authorised it) / Stopped strike in the Ruhr/ Introduced the Rentenmark/ Charged Hitler and other leading Nazis with prison sentence
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What was article 48?
Part of the Weiamr constitution stating that the president can make new laws in an emergency without consulting anyone first
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Card 2

Front

How much did Germany pay in its first installment and when?

Back

2 BILLION gold marks in 1921

Card 3

Front

What were the German government accused of in 1922?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the Ruhr invaded and by who?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Ruhr and why was it significant?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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