Germany, Oct - Nov 1918

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Name three of Ludendorff's October Reforms
Appointed Prince Max of Baden as Chancellor, Made Chancellor respons. for Reichstag; new govt. established based on majority parties. Armed forces put under control of civil govt.
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Give three reasons for the Kaiser's abdication
Lost control of troops - "military revolution". Lack of food + economic problems from war. Failure in war, danger of invasion. Allies wouldn't agree to ceasefire unless Ger became democratic..
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29th Sept. 1918
Ludendorff called for armistice negotiations
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24th Oct. 1918
Woodrow Wilson sent peace note, demanding evacuation of occupied areas, end of submarine warfare + democratisation
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26th Oct. 1918
Ludendorff resigned, fled to Sweden
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30th Oct. 1918
Wilhelmshaven mutiny - crews refused to obey orders to attack British ships
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3rd Nov 1918
Mutiny spreads to Kiel - sailors revolted against officers, took control of base
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8th Nov. 1918
Bavarian revolt leads to declaration of Socialist Republic
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9th Nov 1918
Declaration of German republic; Kaiser abdicates
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10th Nov 1918
Ebert-Groner pact
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What was the Ebert-Groner pact?
Groner telephoned Ebert, reassured of army support, in return for govt. resistance to soldier's councils.
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11th Nov. 1918
Armistice signed w/ allies
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Give one strength of the Weimar Constitution.
Proportional representation allowed smaller parties to have influence
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Give one weakness of the Weimar Constitution.
Proportional representation allowed smaller, anti-republican parties to explot the system
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What was Article 48?
Gave President right to take emergency measures w/o parliamentary consent
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Lost control of troops - "military revolution". Lack of food + economic problems from war. Failure in war, danger of invasion. Allies wouldn't agree to ceasefire unless Ger became democratic..

Back

Give three reasons for the Kaiser's abdication

Card 3

Front

Ludendorff called for armistice negotiations

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Woodrow Wilson sent peace note, demanding evacuation of occupied areas, end of submarine warfare + democratisation

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ludendorff resigned, fled to Sweden

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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