Germany Key terms

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abdicate
give up the throne of a country
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anti-Semitism
hatred for and persecution of the Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group
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armistice
agreement, or truce, to stop fighting
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Article 48
part of the Weimar Constitution that gave the President the right to rule in a time of crisis without requiring the support of the Reichstag
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Aryan
person of German and Scandinavian origin, usually fair-haired and blue-eyed; the Nazis believed that Aryans were superior to all the other races
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assassinate
murder an important person for political or religious reasons
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avant-garde
new and experimental ideas and methods in art, music, or literature
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Bauhaus
school of design originating in Weimar German, which focused on modern, simple and practical designs, rather than the more elaborate, 'fancy' designs of long ago
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Bundesrat
group made up of German state representatives who supported the Kaiser ( unlike the Reichstag, who were elected politicians who challenged the Kaiser)
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Cabinet
the group or committee of senior politicians responsible for controlling government policy
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Censorship
the limiting of access to information, ideas or books in order to prevent knowledge or the freedom of thought
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Chancellor
in Germany,the chief minister, or Prime Minister in the government
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coalition
government where two or more political parties combine to rule
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communism
political system where all property is owned by the government; people are equal and they are paid by the government according to their needs
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concentration camp
camp in which people are held under harsh conditions and without the freedoms of the rest of society
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Confessional Church
German Protestant group determined to have nothing to do with the Nazis or the German Christians
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conscription
law making all men of a certain age join the armed forces and be available to fight at any time
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constitution
set of rules by which a country is governed
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culture
the values, morals, traditions and attitudes of a group or society; it relates to the music and films people watch and listen to, the art they create, the buildings they design and behaviours they display
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DAF( Deutsche Arbeitsfont)
German Labour Front, a Nazi organisation that workers had to belong to
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Dawes Plan
agreement between the USA and European countries, allowing for US loans to be given to European countries (especially Germany) in order for them to build factories and roads, and stimulate the economy
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death camp
extermination camp where prisoners, mainly Jews, were put to death
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democratic republic
system of running a country in which all adults have the right to vote for the government they want
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Depression
time during the 1930s when many banks and businesses failed and millions lost their jobs
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Der Führer
supreme leader, the the title adopted by Adolf Hitler
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dictator
ruler with total control over how a country is governed
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diktat
nickname given by many Germans to the hated Treaty of Versailles; translated as "dictated peace"
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Edelweiss Pirates
rebel youth gang which went camping and sang songs making fun of Hitler; they even physically attacked Hitler Youth groups. The gang included boys and girls, including Jews
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Einsatzgruppen
** mobile death squads responsible for the murder of those thought by the Nazis to be racial or political enemies
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Enabling Law(Act)
law passed in 1933 that allowed to make their own laws without consulting the Reichstag
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eugenics
the science of improving a population by controlled breeding
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euthanasia
deliberate killing of a person
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Final Solution
nazi name given to their attempt to wipe out Europe's Jews between 1942 and 1945
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Four Year Plan
attempt by the nazis to increase agricultural and industrial production, regulate imports and exports, and achieve self-sufficiency in the production of raw materials
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Free Corps
right-wing German paramilitary group that was active in the early years of the Weimar Republic
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German Christians
German Protestant group, largely under Nazi control
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Gestapo
part of the ** and the Nazi Germany's secret police force, created by Herman Goering in 1933 and controlled by Heinrich Himmler
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ghetto
area where members of a particular racial group are forced ( or in some cases choose) to live
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Holocaust
term used to describe the mass murder of millions of Jews by the Nazis during the Second World War
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hyperinflation
sudden, dramatic rise in prices
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indoctrinate
another word for 'brainwash'; to teach someone to accept a belief without exception
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industrialisation
process by which a country transforms from a mainly agricultural society to one based on manufacturing and factories
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July Bomb Plot
attempt in July 1944 by a group of Germans, containing Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, to kill Hitler, take over Germany and end the war
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Kaiser
the German emperor
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KDF ( Kraft durch Freude)
Strength through Joy organisation; part of the German Labour Front that provided holidays and activities for ordinary Germans
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Kinder, Kirche and Küche
Children, Church and Cooking; a slogan used by the Nazis which reflected what women should dedicate their lives to
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Kreisau Circle
group of Ary officers, university professors and aristocrats who talked often about the possibility of assassinating Hitler and getting rid of the Nazis, but didn't actually do anything
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Kristallnacht
Night of Broken Glass, in November 1938, when jews and their shops and businesses were attacked throughout Germany
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League of nations
international peace-keeping organisation set up after the first World War; Germany joined in 1926
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Lebensborn
'Fountain of Life',Nazi movement to stop the population decline in Germany. Girls were taught in school that it was their duty to produce racially pure children and ** men were 'pure' fathers. Pregnant girls get best treatment at Lebensborn Centres
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left-wing
political belief that promotes equality, high taxation for the rich, and the redistribution of wealth
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mass rally
huge meeting of people, united for a common cause or occasion
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master race
elite race of people, to which Hitler believed the Germans belonged
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militarism
belief that a country should maintain a strong armed forces and be prepared to use t aggressively
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mutiny
rebellion by soldiers or sailors who refuse to take orders
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November Criminals
nickname given to the German politicians who ended the first world War and signed the hated Treaty of Versailles on Germany's behalf
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Nuremberg laws
series of laws aimed at excluding German jews from Reich citizenship and stopping them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of 'German or related blood'
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pacifist
person who refuses on principle to talk part in war
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passive resistance
protesting against governemy or laws by using non-violent acts
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patriotic
supporting your country, especially against its enemies
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persecute
treat someone cruelly because of, e.g. his/her race,religin or gender
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police state
country controlled by a political police force; the government has strict controls over people's lives, especially by means of a secret police force
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propaganda
the systematic spreading of ideas and information in order to influence people's thinking and actions, often through the use media such as posters, film, radio and newspapers
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proportional representation
political system in which the number of politicians for a particular party is in proportion with the number of votes they win; it can lead to lots of small parties gaining seats and an unstable government
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putsch
attempt to seize power or take control using force
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radical
very different or extreme idea or approach
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rationed
when certain foods, goods and fuel that are in short supply are spread more equally among people, by giving every person a fixed amount
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rearmament
building up new stocks weapons or replacing old weapons with new ones
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Red Rising
left-wing voters' revolt in March 1920, in the Ruhr region of Germany
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refugee
person who has ,over from there home and is travelling to, or has arrived, at another place
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Reichsbanner
organisation formed by the members of the Social Democratic Party, the German Centre Party, and the German Democratic Party in 1924; to defend parliamentary democracy. they could use violence and clashed with Nazi stormtroopers and Communist Party
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Reichstag
the main, leeched German parliament
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Rentenmark
germany currency, introduced by Stresseman in 1924
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reparations
payments made by Germany to some of the winning nations of the First world War for the damage done by fighting
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Schutzstaffel
(**). Originally Hitler's elite personal bodyguards,** was one of the main instruments of terror in Nazi Germany. Led by Heinrich Himmler,responsibilities of the ** expanded to suppression of Hitler's political opponents and persecution of Jews
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SDA ( Schönheit der Arbeit)
Beauty of Labour organisation; part of the German Labour Front that promoted working and workers
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self-sufficient
having a 'closed' economy, which meant that the Nazis tried to stop trading with the outside world and rely entirely on its own resources
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socialism
system of government which supports democracy and greater government involvement in the economy and society
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Spartacus League
group of German communists who wanted a revolution similar to the one that had taken place in Russia
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SPD
Social Democratic Party, one of the largest political parties in Germany
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Stormtroopers( SA )
Hitler's brown-shirted supporters who were employed to beat up opponents and guard meetings
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subversion
trying to destroy or damage a system or a government
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swastika
the crooked cross symbol adopted by the Nazi Party as their emblem
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Swing Youth
group of young germans who refused to join the Hitler Youth Organisation
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Total War
phrase introduced by Josef Goebbels; meaning that all Germans, both civilians at home and soldiers fighting at the front, must take an active part in the war
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trade union
association of workers formed to protect their interests
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Volkswagen
Volks (people) Wagen (car), a cheap car that millions of Germans saved up for; it resembled the shape of a beetle and was later given this nickname
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Wall Street Crash
time in October 1929 when millions of people tried to sell their shares in companies at the same time, resulting in a huge drop in share prices; many people lost a lot of money
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Weimar Republic
name given to Germany's democratic system between 1913 and 1933
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Weltpolitik
literally meaning 'world policy', this was the Kaiser's plant turn Germany into a global power
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White Rose Group
anti-Nazi youth group, made up of mainly university students
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Young Plan
agreement to reduce reparations, made in 1929 between Germany and the countries they owed money to after the First World War.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

anti-Semitism

Back

hatred for and persecution of the Jews as an ethnic, religious, or racial group

Card 3

Front

armistice

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Article 48

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aryan

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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