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  • Created on: 16-05-16 09:15
When were marriage loans introduced?
1 of 186
Nazi slogan for woman?
Kinder, Kuche, Kirche
2 of 186
When was the Night of the Broken Glass
3 of 186
How many people killed on Kristallnacht?
91 deaths and multiple suicides after
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When was the Final Solution introduced?
5 of 186
The conference at which the final solution was confirmed?
Wansee Conference
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How many political murders between 1919 and 1922?
376-356 right wing
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The name of the SPD private army
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How many people sterilised by compulsary sterilisation?
9 of 186
How many Jews killed by the Final Solution?
6 million
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The name of the man who signed the armistice and was assassinated in 1921
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Who led the Hitler youth from 1931 till 1940?
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What was the Boy's Hitler Youth motto?
Live Faithfully, Fight Bravely, and Die Laughing
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What was the Girl's Hitler youth motto?
Be Faithful, Be Pure, Be German
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At the beginning of 1939 what was the membership of the Hitler Youth (Boys and Girls)?
8.7 million out of a youth population of 8.87 million
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The year Hitler Youth became compulsary
March 1939
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When was the White Rose movement formed?
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Name 3 Nazi opposition Groups
Edeilweiss Pirates, Swing Movement and The White Rose Group
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When Hitler was appointed Chancellor, how many other Nazis in cabinet?
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Who was blamed for The Reichstag Fire in 1933
Van der Lubbe a Dutch Communist
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Name of people who were scared of Communism
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What was the name of Hitler's leadership principle?
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People's community?
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How many readers of Nazi Newspapers in 1933?
3 million
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How much did unemployment rise by between 1929 and 1932
Just under 4 million
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How many major banks collapsed in 1931
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What psychological fear did many Germans have due to the GD
Germany may never recover
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How many seats did the Nazis win in 1930
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Key Weimar expressionist
Otto Dix
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The effect of hyperinflation on the Middle Class?
Savings wiped out
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What did the Dawes Plan of 1924 do?
set out a more realistic time frame for reparation repayment
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When was the Armistice signed?
Nov 1918
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What was the name of the operation against the USSR and what year was it carried out?
Operation Barbarossa 1941
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What year did Germany turn against their ally the USSR, meaning fighting on two fronts
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When did Germany sign its final surrender?
May 1945
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What year did Germany invade Poland?
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Name of the conference held by allies to determine German reconstruction
Potsdam Conference
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What proportion of the Lander ratified the basic law
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Three premises of The Basic Law
Equal Rights, Free Speech, A state education for all
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The potentially repressive clause of the Basic Law
It could ban political parties if they seemed to undermine the democratic principles of the FRG
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The name of the new law main making body
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When was the Basic Law ratified
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The 1955 ............... hardened the attitude towards East Germany by refusing to recognise the legality of East Germany as a separate country
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When did West Germany join NATO (anti-communist alliance)
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1961 was the year that ....
The Berlin Wall was erected
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Who was Chancellor of West Germany between 1949 until 1963?
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Name of rejection of the Hallstein Doctrine and working with the GDR
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When was the Munich Putsch?
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3 Types of Opposition to Hitler
Disobedience, Anti-Nazi campaigns, Sabotage
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Name a way in which workers tried to sabotage the Nazis
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Between 1921 and 1944 how many known attempts to assassinate Hitler
around 15
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Who left the bomb in the July Bomb Plot of 1944
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How many people executed as a result of the July Bomb Plot
about 200
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What point of Hitler's manifesto soothed church members by demanding freedom for all religious denominations in the State provided they don't offed the moral feeling of the State
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What Church was set up in 1934 in reaction to the Nazification of the Church
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Name a situation where public outcry caused the Nazis to back down
against the imprisonment of two bishops who spoke against the Nazis. They were released
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What pact did the USSR make with Germany in 1939?
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What was the secret clause in the 1939 pact between Germany and the USSR
Germany and the USSR agreed to invade Poland and divide it between them
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When was the Pact of Steel signed?
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What was the Locarno Treaty 1925
Acceptance of borders in the Treaty of Versailles
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Examples of non-intervention by the League of Nations
1923- Rhur invasion 1935- Invasion of Abyssinia 1936-Spanish Civil War, remilitarisation of the Rhineland
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What was the USSR isolated by in Europe
Its communist ideology
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What conference was Stalin humiliated not to be asked to?
Munich Conference 1938- where HItler promised invasion would stop with the Sudetenland
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What made the USSR more likely to reach an agreement with Germany or face fighting on two fronts?
Fighting with Japan in 1938 on its eastern border
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The name and year of the USA's act that said it wouldn't go to war in europe
Permanent Neutrality Act 1937
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When did the USA join the War
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When did Japan leave the League of Nations, making uneasy alliances with Germany and Italy
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Britain and France had a policy of.....
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What was Hitler's Racial policy which persuaded him to go to War
Pan-Germanism (uniting of German people) meant a need for Lebensraum
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The Four main Features of Nazi foreign policy
Overturning Versailles, Strategic alliances, expansion and Germanisation
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What is appeasement?
The policy of attempting to keep the Peace by giving in to someone's demands
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When in the FRG was employment almost full
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What government department was responsible for censoring culture?
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When was the German Olympics held?
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Where were yearly Nazi Rallies held
Nuremburg Stadium
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How were schools denazifyed
Nazi textbooks removed and Nazi teachers not allowed
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What did many of the older generation want to see 1945 as
Year Zero
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At the Start of The Wiemar Republic who was leader of the USPD
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The first chancellor of Wiemar- Ebert- was leader of which party?
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What age did education have to be paid for in Weimar
Beyond 10
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When was conscription reintroduced?
81 of 186
Name some social reforms introduced by Weimar?
8 hour working day, independent trade unions, help for ex-soilders to find work, widened health and unemployment policies
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What was the voting turnout of the first Wiemar elections 1919?
83 of 186
What year and what was the name of the Anglo-German agreement allowing Germany a navy 35% of Britains
Naval Agreement 1935
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How many laws passed by the Reichstag between 1930 and 1932
109 laws proposed only 29 passed
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How many votes did Hitler gain in the July 1932 presidential elections
11 million
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How many votes did Hindenburg gain in the July 1932 presidential elections
18 million
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How much of the vote did Hitler gain in the November 1932 presidential elections
88 of 186
When was Hitler officially appointed Chancellor?
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How many votes was the enabling act passed by?
444 votes to 84
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March 1933 elections how many votes did Hitler get?
17.5 million
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When were the SS formed
92 of 186
Who led the SS and the Gestapo
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What year was the civil service purged of Jews
94 of 186
How do you spell Goebbels
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Who led the Nazi civil service?
Wilhelm Frick
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What was the name of the Nazi's new regional governments?
97 of 186
How many people killed at Dresden
98 of 186
Nazi term for living space
99 of 186
What was the article that could ban political parties in the FRG
100 of 186
What year did the Berlin Wall fall, meaning physical unification?
101 of 186
What did some call Adenauer's leadership
chancellor democracy- he liked to appoint weak ministers
102 of 186
When were the KPD banned and prevented from having seats in the Bundestag?
103 of 186
What three parties became part of the three party state?
104 of 186
What article allowed ex-Nazis to be part of the civil service
131 in 1951
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Who did Adenauer arrest after critising German nato operations
Two journalists
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Who were the two chancellors who came after Adenauer hand thee years each from 1963
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Who were Gaullists? Kiesinger was one of them
People who agreed with Ostpolitik and would work with France
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Brandt Schmidt and Kohl were part of........
109 of 186
Roughly how many people were killed under operation T-4
over 70000
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What was the name of the Radio that around 70% Germans owned?
111 of 186
What year were loudspeakers set up in the streets?
112 of 186
What parties formed the 1966 Grand Coalition?
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Did Kiesinger, the leader of the Grand Coalition support ostpolitik, in the hope he could win support?
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Who came after Kiesinger and was the first SPD chancellor of the FRG?
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What laws were opposed but passed by the liberal SPD/FDP coalition under Brandt and Schmidt between 1969 to 74
Decriminalisation of homosexuality and reduction of the voting age to 18
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What year did Schmidt take over from Brandt after a GDR spy was found working as his adviser?
117 of 186
Who was Schmidt replaced by under a vote of no confidence in 1982?
118 of 186
Name the location of the 1919 and 1921 attempts to begin communists governments which were stopped by the army respectively
119 of 186
How much did a newspaper cost in November 1923
700 billion marks
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how many regional and federal government workers lost their jobs after the Rhur invasion?
121 of 186
How many homes had a fridge by 1963
122 of 186
How many German homes were bombed flat after the war?
123 of 186
When did unemployment rise to a peak in the FRG and what was the number?
1955 one million
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Throughout the FRG voting turnout was always higher than which countries?
125 of 186
In 1955 what was the voting turnout
126 of 186
When were the BND, set up in 1956, allowed to open mail and search houses under the emergency law?
127 of 186
When had terrorism in Germany mostly died down?
Late 1970s
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Who were the Baader Meinhof group
A far left extremist group
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In 1977 Baader Meinhof action reached its peak (the same year of plane hijjaaking) in the period known as....
130 of 186
What did the emergency law mean for terrorism
It was forced underground
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How many Germans lived in the Polish corridor when it was given to Germany?
132 of 186
When did Germany remilitarise the Rhineland?
133 of 186
What pact did Poland have with France?
The mutual assistance act 1921, they exposed themselves when Germany remilitarised the Rhineland by offering help under this act
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When was the Polish German non agression act signed
135 of 186
When did Germany invade Czechoslovakia
136 of 186
When did France and Britain oferr Poland help if it stayed independant
137 of 186
When was the Marshall Plan
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When was Anschluss which was forbidden under the TOV
139 of 186
What did the DNVP support
The monarchy
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What was the drop in students in higher education in Nazi Germany
From 130000 to 40000
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How many Nobel Prize winners left Germany when Hitler took over
142 of 186
How many teaching vacancies by 1938
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In Weimar schools were greatly divided along .......... lines
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What educational establishments were abolished under the Nazis
Private primary education and church schools
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what educational establishment introdoced in Weimar made education more accessible for poorer childen
four year basic schools
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In what year and how many communists clashed with the police who used water cannons to disperse marchers
1953 6000 Communists
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Name three different youth protests in the 1960s in the FRG
Protest against ex-Nazis in political power "what did you do in the war Daddy?" , against NATO and potential storing of atomic weapons, against war in Vietnamn
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When did war in Vietnam begin?
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What group was formed after left wing groups felt underrepresented in parliament, as the SPD was less radical after 1959, and the KPD was banned in 1956
150 of 186
Who were the SDS
A more radical splinter group of the SPD
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Who led the SDS
152 of 186
When was the last major demonstration of the SDS and what was it against
1968 against the emergency law (it was still passed) 80000 people protested
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Where did Baader-Meinhof go for training
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When were all of Baader Meinhof arrested?
155 of 186
What 1918 pact was an agreement with the army that said they would support the government as long as the more left wing ideas were opposed?
Ebert-Groener Pact
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When was the BfV set up?
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When was G-9 the anti terrorist organisation set up
158 of 186
In 1934 what court was set up for traitors of the 3rd Reich, where you could not appeal against the verdict
159 of 186
How many Nazis were sentenced to death in the Nuremburg trials
160 of 186
Roughly how many people were arrested by the end of 1946
161 of 186
What year were Nazi schoolbooks films and slides banned
162 of 186
What were teachers taught to weed out at universities and teacheing training institutes in the FRG?
163 of 186
Name five reactions to denazification
Resigned acceptance, indignation, avoidance, cynicism, and desire to move on
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How did people show support for democracy in the FRG
Demonstrating against government laws, marches in support of democracy, protest against Ostpolitik
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What currency replaced the mark in 1923?
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When was Stresemann made chancellor
167 of 186
When did Stresemann die?
168 of 186
Who was chancellor at the start of the great depression?
169 of 186
What did Bruning introduce in attempt to help during the GD
wage cuts, tax raises and rent cuts
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How much did industrial production fall by during the Great Depression
171 of 186
What sort of work b woman usually was common during economical turmoil in Weimar
172 of 186
In 1925 in berlin how many lodgers?
173 of 186
By 1984 what percentage of farm produce was produced in Germany?
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What were the first four year plan's aims
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What was the main focus of the second four year plan that Goering was in charge of
Autarky and preparing for war,- German synthetic alternatives were created such as replacing rubber with Buna
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what social welfare association under the Nazis ran kindergatens and soup kitchens, but didn't care for the welfare of the individual
177 of 186
What was Erhard's social market economy
a free market economy with elements of social support built in
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What was Erhard's social market economy
a free market economy with elements of social support built in
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What 1971 law made it illegal for a women to have an abortion
Paragraph 218
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What were the 1935 laws which pulled together all previous anti-semetic legislation?
Nuremburg Race Laws
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Farm produce from German farmer was at 80% percent in what year
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What was the only trade union in Nazi Germany?
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What was the only trade union in Nazi Germany?
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What schemes were set up for unemployed workers?
185 of 186
When was the non-aggression act with Poland
186 of 186

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Nazi slogan for woman?


Kinder, Kuche, Kirche

Card 3


When was the Night of the Broken Glass


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


How many people killed on Kristallnacht?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


When was the Final Solution introduced?


Preview of the front of card 5
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