Georgraphy - Development Gap

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Short Term Aid
emergancy or humanitarian aid helps people recover from natural hazards and conflicts short term. Somthing that will help over a short period of time.
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Long Term Aid
Development aid aimes to improve peoples standards of living and quality of life in the long term. Somthing that will help over a long period of time.
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Bilateral Aid
Aid given by one country's goverment to anothers.
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Multilateral Aid
Aid given by governments to international agencies such as the world bank which then fund development projects.
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Voluntary Aid
Aid that comes from charities like Oxfam and Action Aid.
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Top Down Aid
Governments and international agencies give poor countries money and tell them what to spend it on.
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Bottem Up Aid
Governments nigociate with poor countries deciding themselves what to spend the money they have been given on.
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Core Countries
Countries in the centre both geographicaly and politicaly.
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Perifery Countries
Countries on the edge both geographicaly and politicaly.
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Quality of Life
How a person is emotionally, that is not easy to measure.
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Standard of Living
How much 'stuff' a person has.
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GNP
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT. How much a country produces money, selling products. Money made over all in that country.
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GNI
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME. The value of all producers who are residence in a nation, plus any income earned from abroad.
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HDI
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX. The develpment of a human in a country.
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Birth Rate
Number of people the are born per 1000 population per year.
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Death Rate
Number of people that die per 1000 population per year.
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Infant Mortality
The numeber of children that die before the age of 1 per 1000 born per year.
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People/Doctor
How many people there are for each doctor in a country.
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Literacy Rate
Percentage of adults who can read and write in a country.
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Access to Water
Percentage of people who have safe drinking water in a country.
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Life Expectancy
The life span of an average person in a country.
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Fertility Rate
How many childeren there are to 1 mother.
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Five-Fold division based on wealth
5 catagories: rich industialising countries, oil exporting countries, newly industrialising countries, former centrally planned economies, heavily indepted poor countries.
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NIC
Newly industrialising countries.
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Imports
Products comming into the county.
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Exports
Products going out of the contry.
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Primary Products
Products that are naturally produced.
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Manufactured Products
Products that are maufactured by man.
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PPD
PRIMARY PRODUCT DEPENDANCY. Where a country relies only on its primary product exports.
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Trade Suplus
When a country's exports are greater than its imports. Therefore gets wealthy.
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Trade Deficit
When a country's imports are greater than its exports. Therefore gets poorer and creates dept.
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The Balence of Trade
The difference between a countries imports and exports.
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Tarrifs
Extra taxes put on imports to limit a countries imports.
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Quota
Pricice limits of the quantity of goods that can be imported.
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Subsides
Money given by the government to help indistry or buisness keep the price of a commodity low or service low.
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Wholesale
The price the retailer pays for distrabution for the product.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Development aid aimes to improve peoples standards of living and quality of life in the long term. Somthing that will help over a long period of time.

Back

Long Term Aid

Card 3

Front

Aid given by one country's goverment to anothers.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Aid given by governments to international agencies such as the world bank which then fund development projects.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aid that comes from charities like Oxfam and Action Aid.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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